In: War and Stereotypes
Free access


Olavi K. Fält

is Professor Emeritus in the Department of History, University of Oulu, Finland. He has mainly published on the encounters between the West and Japan, on Japanese emperorship and nationalism, on imagology and on the history of globalization. His books include “From Exoticism to Realism. The Traditional Image of Japan in Finland in the Transition Years of the 1930’s” (in Finnish, a long summary in English) (1982), “Fascism, Militarism or Japanism? The interpretation of the crisis years in the Japanese English-language press” (1985) and “The Clash of Interests. The transformation of Japan in 1861-1881 in the eyes of the local Anglo-Saxon press” (1990). His co-edited books include “Akashi Motojirô. Rakka ryûsui: Colonel Akashi’s Secret Co-operation with the Russian Revolutionary Parties during the Russo-Japanese War” (1988), “Looking at the Other. Historical study of images in theory and practise” (2002) and “Imagology and Cross-Cultural Encounters in History” (2008).

Joseph Fonseca

is a PhD Candidate in the Department of History at the University of Calgary. His research focuses on the relationship between Japan and the Western world at the turn of the 20th century, race and empire, and the social ramifications of joint military campaigns. He is specifically focused on the growth of the Empire of Japan and its military conflicts during the Meiji and Taisho Eras.

Frank Jacob

is Professor of Global History (19th and 20th centuries) at Nord Universitet, Bodø, Norway. Before, he held positions at Würzburg University, Germany, and the City University of New York (QCC), USA. His current main fields of research are Modern Japanese History, Revolutionary Theory and Transatlantic Anarchism. He authored or edited more than 70 books, including The Russo-Japanese War and Its Shaping of the Twentieth Century (Routledge 2018, paperback 2019) and Genocide and Mass Violence in Asia: An Introductory Reader (DeGruyter 2019, editor).

Sepp Linhart

is professor emeritus of the University of Vienna, Austria, where he taught Japanese studies from 1978 to 2012. He was visiting professor at various universities in Japan, the USA, France and Finland. From 1988 to 1991 he served as president of the European Association for Japanese Studies, and in 2004 he was Yamagata Bantō Prize winner. He is author and editor of 40 books and author of about 200 journal articles and book chapters. His main research interest is the social and cultural history of Japan, as well as the representation of Japan in the popular culture of the West. Main books: Ken no bunka-shi (The Cultural History of the Game Ken, 1998), (with Sabine Frühstück) The Culture of Japan as Seen through its Leisure (1998), “Dainty Japanese” or Yellow Peril? Japan on Western War Postcards 1900 to 1945 (2005), (with Susanne Formanek) Written Texts – Visual Texts. Woodblock-printed Media in Early Modern Japan (2005).

Aiko Otsuka

completed her PhD at the University of Cambridge in 2019. Her PhD thesis examines postwar group narratives of Japanese veterans and their war crimes responsibility in World War Two. Her thesis demonstrates how wartime military values continued into the postwar period and shows that different types of defeat shaped their postwar narratives in such a way as to alleviate negative sentiments resulting from defeat, and for some group narratives, avoid accepting war crimes responsibility. During her PhD, she was a member of the European Research Council funded research project on the dissolution of the Japanese Empire, led by Professor Barak Kushner at the Faculty of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies.

Henna-Riikka Pennanen

is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Turku Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Turku. She is also affiliated with the John Morton Center for North American Studies. Pennanen received her Ph.D. in History from the University of Jyväskylä in 2015. Her current research project focuses on U.S. threat perceptions of China and Japan. She specializes in United States-East Asia relations, the ideas of civilization and “the West,” and the crisis of the liberal international order. Her recent publications include the volume Contestations of Liberal Order: The West in Crisis? (Palgrave, 2020), co-edited with Marko Lehti and Jukka Jouhki.

Adam S. Rock

received his M.A. (2014) and B.A. (2008) in History from the University of Central Florida, where he currently teaches a variety of courses on American, and World History. His research interests include the treatment of enemy prisoners of war (POW) detained within the United States during World War II. Investigating the story of roughly 5,000 Japanese POWs held in Camps throughout California, Iowa, Wisconsin, and Texas, between 1941 and 1945, Rock uncovers significant variations in the treatment, work allowances, and reeducation programs, available to German and Japanese prisoners despite official regulations and public projections of unilateral care. His forthcoming work further examines controversial American strategies intended to influence postwar reconstruction efforts in Germany and Japan, by utilizing ‘reeducated’ repatriates to administer and assist in Allied rebuilding programs. Ultimately Rock hopes to highlight the ever-present role POWs play in shaping both current and future conflicts.