Sigla

Dead Sea Scrolls and Ben Sira

In the Hebrew Text

אׄ

damaged probable letter

א֯

damaged possible letter

◦◦◦

traces of letters that cannot be read

[א]

reconstructed letter

[ ]

lacunae

{ }

letter(s) erased by the scribe

text not cited

vacat

writing space; usually intentional

עםעם

supralinear insertion

In the English Translation

letters in italics

individual letters in Hebrew

[…]

lacunae of any length

[ ]

translation of reconstruction