Dictionary of Abbreviations and Neologisms in the USSR

In: Roma Voices in History
Open Access

Dictionary of Abbreviations and Neologisms in the USSR

Agitprop / APO.

Department for Agitation and Propaganda at TsK VKP(b).

Artel.

Producers’ Cooperative.

BSSR.

Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic.

ChK.

Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution and Sabotage.

VChK.

All-Russian ChK at the SNK RSFSR.

Detgiz.

State Publishing House for Children’s Literature.

Fedkomzem.

Federal Committee about Issues of Land at VTsIK.

Glavlit.

General Directorate for Literature and Publishing.

Glavnauka.

Central Administration for Scientific, Scholarly-Artistic, and Museum Institutions.

Gosizdat.

State Publishing House.

Goslitizdat / GIKh.

State Publishing House for Fiction Literature.

Gosplan.

The State Planning Committee.

GPU.

State Political Directorate at NKVD RSFSR.

Gubkom.

Governorate Committee of VKP(b).

Obkom.

Oblast Committee of VKP(b).

Raykom.

Rayon Committee of VKP(b).

GUBONO.

Governorate Department of Education.

GULAG.

Main Directorate of Camps at NKVD.

Ispolkom.

Executive Committee of Council of People’s Deputies.

Gubispolkom.

Executive Committee of Governorate.

Krayispolkom.

Executive Committee of Kray.

Oblispolkom / ObLIK.

Executive Committee of Oblast.

Rayispolkom / RIK.

Executive Committee of Rayon.

Knigocentr.

Soviet Iinstitution for Books and Journals Distribution.

Kogiz.

Bookselling Association of State Publishers.

Kolkhoz.

Collective Farm.

Kolkhozsoyuz.

Union of Agricultural Collectives.

Komsomol.

Young Communist League.

RLKSM.

Russian Lenin’s Young Communist League (in 1922 renamed to VLKSM).

VLKSM.

All-Union Leninist Young Communist League.

Komzet.

Committee for Settling Toiling Jews on the Land at Presidium of the VTsik.

Komintern.

Communist International, known also as the Third International (1919-1943).

KP(b).

Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine.

Kulak.

Literally ‘fist’; this is how wealthy peasants, who put in economic dependence and exploited their fellow peasants, were called in the early USSR.

KPB.

Communist Party of Byelorussia.

KUTV.

Communist University of the Toilers of the East.

Likbez.

Campaign of Eradication of Illiteracy in Soviet Union.

LKSMB.

Leninist Communist Youth League of BSSR.

Medgiz.

State Medical Publishing House.

MONO.

Moscow City’s Department for People’s Education.

Mossovet.

Moscow City Soviet of People’s Deputies.

MOZO.

Moscow Regional Agricultural Department.

MTS.

Machine Tractor Station; a state enterprise for maintenance of agricultural machinery.

Narkomfin.

People’s Commissariat of Finances of USSR.

Narkomnats.

People’s Commissariat of Nationalities of the RSFSR.

Narkompros.

People’s Commissariat of Education of the RSFSR.

Narkomzem / NKZem / NKZ.

People’s Commissariat of Agriculture of USSR.

Natsmen.

Member of National Minority.

NKVD.

People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs of RSFSR.

Ogiz.

Unified State Publishing House.

OGPU.

Joint State Political Directorate at SNK USSR.

Orgburo.

Organisational Bureau of TsK VKP(b).

Partizdat.

Publishing House for Political Literature at the TsK VKP(b).

Pioneer.

Member of the All-Union Pioneer Organisation, mass youth organisation in the Soviet Union.

Politburo.

Political Bureau of TsK VKP(b).

Profizdat.

The Soviet Trade-unions Publishing House.

Pyatiletka.

The five-year plans for the development of the national economy of the USSR.

Rabfak.

Workers’ Faculty; educational institution that prepared workers to higher education.

RKP(b).

Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks), from 1925 renamed VKP(b).

ROSTA.

Russian Telegraph Agency.

RSFSR.

Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.

Selkhozbank.

Agricultural Bank.

Selkhozgiz.

State Publishing House of Agricultural Literature.

Selsoviet.

Village council, local self-administration, a part of the Soviet system of administration.

Semiletka.

Secondary school with seven years of education in the USSR.

SNK / Sovnarkom.

Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR (from 1922 of the RSFSR).

Little Sovnarkom.

Standing Committee to SNK.

Sovnatsmen.

Education Department of National Minorities at Narkompros (1918-1921); renamed Council for the Education of the Peoples of the Non-Russian Language (1921-1924); Central Council for the Education of National Minorities of the RSFSR (1925-1929); Committee for the Education of National Minorities of the RSFSR (1929-1934).

Sovnarkhoz.

Soviet for National Economy.

SSP.

Union of Soviet Writers.

TASS.

Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union.

Tsentrizdat.

Publishing House of the SNK RSFSR.

TsK KPSS.

Central Committee of Communist Party of USSR.

TsK VKP(b).

Central Committee of All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks).

TsIK.

Central Executive Committee of SSSR.

SN TsIK.

Council of Nationalities at TsIK SSSR.

TsIK UkrSSR

Central Executive Committee of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

Tsygkhimprom / Khimprom / Tsygkhimlabor.

Gypsy artel for chemical products.

Tsygpishcheprom / Pishcheprom / Pishchepromartel.

Gypsy artel for food products.

Uchpedgiz.

State Pedagogical Publishing House of the Narkompros.

UkrSSR.

Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

USSR.

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

UzSSR.

Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic.

VKP(b).

All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks).

VKSKhSH.

Higher Communist Agricultural School.

VKSS.

Higher Courses of Soviet Construction at the VTsIK.

VOKS.

All-Union Society for Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries.

VPK.

All-Union Resettlement Committee.

Vsekopromsovet.

All-Union Council of the Industrial Cooperation.

Vserabis.

All-Union Professional Union of Art Workers.

VTsIK.

All-Russian Central Executive Committee.

ON VTsIK.

Department of Nationalities of VTsIK.

VSTs.

All-Russian Union of Gypsies.

VTsSPS.

All-Union Central Council of Professional Unions.

VUTsVK.

All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee.

TsKNM VUTsVK.

Central Committee for National Minorities of VUTsVK.

Yacheyka.

A primary (lowest) level in the organisational structure of VKP(b).

ZU.

Agricultural management.

KrayZU.

Regional (on Kray level) agricultural management.

OblZU.

Regional (on Oblast level) agricultural management.

RayZU.

Regional (on Rayon level) agricultural management.