The Kaliningrad Region is a Russian exclave wedged between Poland and Lithuania, so the transit across them is a problem for both sides. The population calls for special regard for its situation but bows to Moscow’s imposition of strict federal control. The small size and lacking resources of the exclave initially make it dependent on trade with its neighbours, but in recent years it has become totally reliant on federal support. Under the impact of the growing tension between Russia and the West following the war in Ukraine since 2014, Russia has strengthened its military forces in Kaliningrad and created a defence zone, which is seen as a threat in the surrounding Baltic Sea states. It has become a military bastion like in Soviet days.