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IndexAanwijzingen131, 136–138, 141, 149f.accomodation86Amsterdam1–3, 10, 27f., 31, 35f., 43–61, 63, 67, 72, 77–82, 84f., 96f., 100–102, 104f., 109f., 112f., 115f., 120f., 124–126, 128, 151, 159f., 166, 173f., 184, 201, 206, 243, 249, 254, 257, 259, 262–264, 266, 268, 270, 275f., 280–283, 286f., 290–295, 300, 302, 306f., 310, 314–317, 319f., 322, 325f., 331–336, 343, 345, 347–363anthropology9, 156, 162, 171, 174, 208f., 211, 213, 215, 217, 219, 221–223, 225, 227–231, 233, 235–238, 241, 243f., 246, 250, 263, 268, 285, 288, 303, 304, 307, 319, 326, 339, 345–347, 353f., 357, 359–362antisemitism9, 17, 22f., 25, 29, 35, 40f., 43, 51, 56, 60, 63, 74, 78, 110, 112, 117, 121, 142, 163, 182, 241–243, 247, 261f., 270, 307, 330, 355, 357, 361Antwerp191f., 203, 342, 353, 359, 361Aktion T-4217, 222Alberts, W. Jappe158, 201Arendt, Hannah57, 73, 78, 87, 112–114, 116, 118, 122, 127, 129, 350–352, 361Ariëns Kappers, Cornelius9, 75, 81, 242f., 245, 249–255, 258, 260–277, 279–288, 290, 294, 299f., 303, 305–308, 312, 314, 316–320, 322–325, 330–333, 335, 337–340, 343, 345–347Arier16, 202, 219f., 223, 225f., 232, 237, 251, 257Ariërverklaring131, 133, 135f., 138–141, 148Arisierung71f., 75, 80f., 91, 181, 202, 206, 257, 322–324, 331, 333, 343aryanization40, 194Ashkenazim38, 56, 64–69, 75, 77f., 82, 85, 88f., 97f., 106, 229, 244, 246, 264, 266, 268, 285, 314, 317, 321, 323–325, 332–338Asscher, Abraham37, 84, 91, 96f., 114, 121, 124, 317assimilation31, 37, 40, 47, 64, 116, 147, 213, 247f.Aubin, Hermann157f.Auschwitz1, 9, 24, 27, 42, 55, 58, 60, 62f., 69, 79, 81, 87, 89–95, 99, 123f., 145f., 198, 218f., 237, 269, 277, 280, 282, 296, 325, 333, 350, 358f.Aus der Fünten, Ferdinand81, 90, 96, 109, 146, 322Aussiedlung25, 31Ball, Philip11, 167–169, 175, 350Barge, Johan242, 258, 261, 308Bauer, Erwin222, 237Beel, Louis318f., 342Beneditty, N. de69, 71, 85, 91, 266–268, 320–324, 339, 342f.Belgium1, 9, 31, 35, 37f., 42, 57, 112, 148, 156–159, 170, 172f., 176–183, 185–195, 197, 199–205, 269, 342Bemmelen, J. van75, 300, 318, 338–340, 342, 345–347Berger, Gottlob188, 193, 205Berlin52, 59, 75, 90, 127, 160, 162, 167f., 174, 182, 187, 190, 201, 204, 207, 220f., 224, 228, 232, 239f., 275, 291, 314–316, 319, 322, 324f., 328, 335, 349f., 354, 358, 360–362Beyen, Marnix176, 186–188, 204, 351Binding, Karl217Bijlmer, Henk220, 243–246, 249f., 258, 282, 286, 288, 303, 316, 339, 347biological anthropology156, 162, 215, 228, 304, 361Boehmcker, H.262Boekman, E.30, 54f., 347Bolk, Lodewijk359Bovenkerk, Frank51f., 54, 121, 351brain research260, 262, 271Brussels38, 187f., 192f., 195–199, 201f., 205–207, 352, 361bureaucracy36, 39, 41, 51, 58, 63, 79, 102, 133, 136, 147, 190, 208, 215, 232, 235, 238, 256, 259, 312, 315Burg, Fenna van den296f., 302, 306, 309f., 351Calmeyer, Hans Georg70–72, 76, 90, 233, 235, 239f., 243, 249–254, 257, 259, 263f., 266, 275, 278f., 283–285, 311–314, 316, 322–324, 331f., 337f, 340f., 343–346, 353f., 358calvinist(s)37, 39, 41f., 68, 86, 120, 122, 136, 149, 173, 214, 280, 291Cate, Ludo ten339catholic(s)20, 22, 26, 30, 37, 39, 41f., 44, 53f., 74, 75, 86, 105f., 115, 126, 129, 134, 136, 158, 173, 195, 204, 214, 261, 274, 285, 295, 302, 308, 335Chamberlain, Houston13, 246Christaller, Walter293churches22, 37, 53, 61, 67f., 209Cohen, David37, 78, 82f., 85, 87, 91, 93, 97–100, 121–125, 298–300, 302, 317, 351Cohen, Jaap125, 278, 280, 302, 306f., 319, 330, 340, 342f., 345collaboration29, 38, 54, 72, 78, 96f., 100, 104, 109, 123, 130, 155f., 181f., 201, 203, 209, 217, 222, 269, 276, 290, 294f., 312colonies4, 18, 143, 147, 151, 171, 225, 244f., 273, 362colonisation9, 148, 172, 244compulsory labour26, 144, 149, 183, 305Constandse-Westermann, Trinette308, 352craniometry307, 359Cromagnon229, 288, 305Dam, J. van181, 256f.Darwin, Charles14, 17, 29, 358Davenport, Charles13, 126, 210–215, 221, 235f., 241, 247, 347, 363Debye, Peter11, 167–169, 175, 177, 209, 237definitions7f., 12–32, 55, 83, 88, 103–105, 132, 141f., 145, 174, 186, 218disabled26, 216, 222Ditt, Karl173, 175f., 179Dolle Dinsdag296Double-Dutch Shoah82, 131, 142f., 147, 306Draye, Henri158, 185, 203f.Duitse Joden72, 75Dunk, Hermann von der163, 167, 174f., 177, 184, 201, 203Dutch society35, 37, 39, 41, 47, 56, 67, 112, 115, 130, 140f., 147, 169, 171, 256, 292Edam286Edelstein, J.31, 52, 87f.Eichmann, Adolf36, 52, 78, 87, 96, 101, 112–114, 119, 127–129, 350, 358, 361Eickstedt, Egon von224, 242, 303–305, 319, 342elite9, 28, 35–37, 39f., 47f., 51, 61, 68, 83, 87, 93, 101f., 109f., 120, 123, 131, 133, 137f., 140–142, 146–149, 151, 169f., 179f., 192, 209, 215, 228, 230, 256f., 298, 301, 313, 317Enquêtecommissie353ethnicity4, 12, 64, 354eugenics16f., 156, 210, 214, 216, 223, 236, 356, 358, 361, 363Europe1f., 4, 10, 15, 25, 28, 43, 48, 64, 67, 73, 77, 85, 90, 96, 113, 151, 155, 161, 195, 204, 209, 239, 244, 247, 263f., 291, 293, 316, 326, 353, 355, 357, 362euthanasia17, 25, 214, 217f., 220, 224, 326, 358excavation289, 300, 308Falkenhausen, Alexander von182f., 188, 206Fassbinder, Rainer W.120Fennema, Meindert131f., 148–150, 353Fischer, Eugen109, 170, 214, 220–224, 228, 231, 241, 303–305, 344, 347, 350, 353Flemish42, 157, 159, 173, 176f., 179, 181, 183–185, 187, 189, 191, 193, 195, 197, 199, 201–203, 205, 207Flesche, Alfred313f., 341Fliethmann, Elfriede327–329, 344, 348François, J.P.150, 157Frederiks, Karel83, 123, 135f., 138, 140f., 149, 256f., 259, 292, 341flight37f., 41, 50, 59, 79, 117, 131, 136, 302France35, 38, 148, 155–157, 159, 205, 208, 343Frings, Theodor158Froe, Arie de162, 250f., 261, 263, 296, 307, 310, 332, 335Führerprinzip36, 171, 292,Galton, Francis13, 17, 210Gans, Evelien110, 148f., 354Ganshof, François157, 176, 182Gasteren, Louis van72, 99–110, 126, 143Geiger, Theodor111Gegnerforschung328Gemmeker, A.K.90, 146Generalgouvernement326Generalplan Ost25“Generalplan West”25Gerbrandy, Piet162German Genocide3, 5f., 11, 16, 23–28, 31f., 35, 58, 62, 79, 166, 188, 208f., 214, 304, 313, 325, 351, 360genocide3, 5–9, 11, 16, 23–27, 31f., 35, 56, 58, 62, 79, 132, 140, 144, 166, 174, 183, 188, 208f., 214, 304, 313, 325, 350f., 357f., 360f.Germany1, 10f., 17–20, 35, 38, 53, 57–59, 63f., 66, 70, 72, 81, 89, 114, 116, 122f., 127, 133f., 149f., 155–159, 167, 169f., 172, 176–178, 180, 182f., 197, 202, 204, 208f., 211, 215f., 219–221, 224f., 227f., 231f., 235, 240, 242, 256, 258f., 263, 270, 292, 303, 305, 309, 312, 314f., 325–327, 340–342, 351–353, 357f., 361Geyl, Pieter157, 161, 176f., 201f.ghetto67, 87, 89, 91f., 95, 105, 163, 247, 329, 354Ginneken, H. van158, 162Gould, Stephen J.307, 354grandparents21f., 69–71, 75, 122, 140, 143, 212, 227, 264, 323, 333f., 336s-Gravenhage(Hague, The) 151Griffioen, Cisca51–53, 148, 150, 203, 277, 289, 307, 310, 346, 354, 363Groenman, Sjoerd201, 245, 291, 298, 304, 310Guillaumin, Colette14, 29f., 354Günther, Hans F.K.96, 125, 220, 228Haan, I de148, 167, 174Hague, The3, 46f., 52, 58, 70, 81f., 131, 133–136, 141, 144, 150, 202, 240, 263f., 273, 275f., 283f., 291f., 321, 324, 336, 343, 345, 350, 353, 355f., 358, 361Harbou, Bodo von188health (centre)4, 44f., 49, 74, 99, 210, 216, 223f., 230, 280, 291–293, 298, 304, 309Henkes, Barbara173–176, 355hero9, 52, 94, 97, 125f., 174, 176, 223, 238, 250, 274, 278, 280, 294, 298, 300, 302, 312, 319, 330f., 337, 341, 345Herzberg, Abel82–84, 121, 125, 249–251, 253, 258f., 285, 355Hess, Moses17, 63, 74, 348Hilberg, Raul26, 35, 54, 63, 74, 77, 79, 93, 121, 123, 125f., 189–192, 204f., 207, 355Hillesum, Etty145, 151Himmler, Heinrich175, 179, 185, 190–193, 200, 204f., 222, 229, 232f., 327Hirschfeld, Hans Max131–133, 135f., 138, 141, 143, 149f., 321, 353, 363Hitler, Adolf1f., 10, 24, 31, 57, 61–63, 73f., 124, 155, 157, 165, 173, 187, 198, 203, 205f., 217, 220, 222f., 230, 237, 270, 279, 327, 350, 353f., 358, 361Hitler salute2, 10, 270Hoche, Alfred217Hoffman, Eva8, 11, 168Holland2, 9f., 25, 28, 35, 37–39, 41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53, 55, 57, 67, 69, 83, 86f., 90f., 93f., 96, 102, 114–118, 124, 128, 136, 142–144, 148, 157–162, 164, 168f., 172–174, 177, 180f., 194, 202, 206f., 221, 228, 235, 239f., 247f., 250, 256, 262, 264, 269f., 272, 274, 277, 279, 292, 295, 299, 302, 305, 313, 315–317, 320, 322f., 325, 335, 338, 340, 346Holland Plan25, 207Hollerith machines37, 52, 291Holocaust1, 8, 23f., 26, 31, 55, 62, 65, 107f., 114, 123, 127f., 144, 166, 174, 248, 306, 344, 354f., 357f.Houwink ten Cate, Johannes149, 174Huizinga, Johan (historian)161, 290Huizinga, Johan (physical anthropologist)202, 345, 348Human Genome Project290identity12, 37–39, 59, 61f., 69, 71, 73, 112, 114, 116, 147, 184, 195, 240, 251, 339IDO (Institut f. Deutsche Ostarbeit)327f., 344inbreeding90, 245, 287Institut für Deutsche Ostarbeitcf.IDOISONEVO (Research Institute of the Dutch Volk)162, 174, 245, 291, 309Israel20f., 24–26, 28, 30–32, 39, 46f., 52, 54f., 61, 65–67, 70–75, 78, 85, 91, 102–104, 106–109, 116, 122, 126–129, 131, 142, 146f., 254, 263f., 281, 312f., 342, 354f., 357, 363Jesserun d’Oliviera, Hans-Ulrich54, 65, 98, 112, 125, 277, 300, 306, 331, 341, 346, 355jew1, 6, 9, 12, 17, 19–22, 25–31, 35–114, 116, 120–127, 129–144, 146–163, 166–168, 171, 174, 176–179, 181–203, 205, 207–209, 213–215, 218–220, 222–225, 227, 229–236, 239f., 244, 246–248, 250–257, 259, 261–264, 266–272, 274–277, 280–286, 291, 298f., 304–306, 310–317, 319–348, 350–355, 357, 359, 361f.jew hunters81, 105, 176f., 179, 181, 183, 185, 187, 189, 191, 193, 195, 197, 199, 201, 203, 205, 207, 231, 257, 269, 312, 316, 352Jewish Council (Joodse Raad)37f., 54, 69, 78, 82–85, 87, 91–93, 96–98, 104, 109, 113, 121, 123f., 269, 298, 300, 317Jewish Chronicle, The98f., 125, 298f.Jong, Lou de54, 125, 130, 132, 148–151, 181, 249–251, 258f., 355Jonge, Freek de120f., 129Jonghe, Albert de158, 176, 185f., 192, 203, 204, 206Joodse Raad69, 269, 351Joodse Weekblad (Jewish Weekly)82–84, 269judaism21, 46, 60, 64, 66, 82, 84–86, 107f., 123f., 142, 247, 300, 330Jude18, 21f., 31, 51, 60, 63, 70–72, 74f., 79f., 82, 86, 88f., 93–95, 97, 113, 122–124, 126–128, 181, 189f., 194, 196f., 204–207, 225–227, 233, 239, 247, 250, 252–254, 257, 259, 261, 275, 284, 311, 314, 320f., 323, 329–331, 341, 345, 347–350, 353–355, 357–359, 363Judenretter233, 239, 250, 253f., 257, 275, 284, 311, 314, 330f., 341, 345Jungclaus, Richard179Kahlich, Dora327–329, 342Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschatcf.KWGKennedy, Foster53, 221, 259Kihn, Berthold217Klappe, Bruno290, 307f.Klee, Ernst170, 237f., 310, 341, 356Knokploeg126, 146, 355Knotter, Ad175f., 356Koppert, L.A.M.268, 271–278, 286, 295Kotting, J.81, 252, 263, 284, 324, 332f., 342f., 346Krimpen, H. van69, 72, 284, 318, 320, 322–324, 332f., 342f.Kulturraumforschung157f., 173, 175, 356KWG (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft)221–224, 237, 315f.Konzentrationslager54, 85–90, 92–94, 108, 122, 134, 195, 321, 350, 358Labrie, ArnoldxLager26, 62, 116, 122, 350, 358, 360, 362Laski, Neville98f., 299Laughlin, Harry210, 221law15, 17f., 21f., 28, 30, 40, 59, 60, 62, 73, 80, 85, 101, 118, 132–138, 150, 199, 202, 210, 216, 219–222, 227f., 231, 237f., 272, 311f., 350liberals39liberation87, 101, 147, 166, 183, 248, 271, 273, 278, 285, 295–297, 303legitimation2, 5f., 8, 10, 39, 117, 200, 204, 221, 223, 254Lentz, Jacob36f., 136, 291, 339, 341Lenz, Fritz220–222, 228, 231, 348Lippmann, Rosenthal & Co (LIRO)313, 325, 341London41, 74, 98, 131, 134, 136, 272–274, 277f., 299–301Lorenz, Chris172, 175Maastricht53, 167f., 175, 241, 283, 358Madagascar Plan355Marcuse, Herbert22f., 25market53, 121, 145, 171, 224, 352marranos66, 70, 85, 105f., 299f.MPG (= Max Planck Gesellschaft)221–224, 237Mauthausen60, 70Max-Planck-Gesellschaftcf.MPGMechanicus, Philip89f., 94, 123, 145, 151, 348Meertens, Piet74, 76, 126, 142, 155, 158–169, 173–177, 179, 181, 184, 201–203, 242, 245, 282, 286, 291f., 298, 308, 215, 339f., 349Mengele, Joseph218, 231, 305Meijer, Hajo7Militärverwaltung178f., 181–183, 187f., 192–194, 200, 204f.Minderwertige25, 230, 326Mischlinge21f., 219, 321, 328, 357monarchy39, 41, 285, 297money24, 50, 74, 100, 119, 128, 158, 177, 216, 223f., 229, 252f., 275f., 284, 309, 317–319, 321f., 325, 329, 338, 341f., 351mortality4, 31, 44f.Mulisch, Harry78, 110–121, 127–129, 313, 341, 357f.Murmelstein, B.87, 93, 122f., 126Mussert, Anton2, 94, 130Mussolini, Benito2, 10, 155, 173Mythenjäger8, 185Nationaal Plan256natural sciences6f., 9, 197, 209, 263Nazi1, 4–7, 9f., 14, 16, 18, 20–24, 28, 30f., 38, 40–43, 52, 54, 57, 59, 61, 73f., 77f., 82, 86–89, 91, 94, 99, 102, 112, 123f., 134, 143, 145, 155–157, 159–161, 164f., 167–169, 171, 173, 177, 186, 192, 195, 201f., 205, 208f., 215, 217, 219–223, 228–231, 233f., 236f., 242–244, 246, 254f., 258, 266, 270, 277, 281, 285, 290–293, 295, 300, 301, 303–306, 309f., 315, 322, 326f., 329, 339–342, 350f., 354, 356–358, 361Neanderthaler229, 238Neumann, Franz22f., 25, 31Nienhuis, H.324Nijgh, Y.259, 343, 358NIOD (Netherlands Institute for War Documentation)51, 98f., 121, 123, 125, 148f., 159, 167f., 173–175, 206, 250, 259, 277f., 280, 299, 306f., 319, 330, 341, 343f., 350, 354non-jews42, 63, 68, 73, 89, 99, 105, 140, 252, 323, 334, 336f., 345Noordoostpolder287, 289Notschaele, L.A.298, 310, 358Novick, Peter8, 11, 24, 31, 358NSB (Dutch “National Socialist Beweging”)10, 94, 101, 130, 136, 150, 165, 175, 291, 309, 316, 339, 342, 352occupation10, 36, 38, 41, 48–50, 68–70, 78–80, 99, 103f., 106, 109, 115, 120, 131–138, 141, 146–148, 150, 156, 159f., 164f., 170f., 174, 178–183, 187, 189, 191, 203, 206, 212–214, 223, 236, 241, 252, 263, 270f., 280, 291f., 295f., 305, 318, 321, 330, 340, 343OD (Ordedienst)272f., 278oikos, oikoidal40, 118f., 352Ommen (KZ)135, 149, 321–323ontjoodsing107f., 126, 300Ostforschung156, 170, 172f., 325, 327, 344, 351Ostjuden60, 63, 70, 72, 74f., 113, 127, 247, 321Palache, J.91, 268Passolini, Pier P.344patient174, 212, 215–217, 231f., 235, 292perpetrator1, 3, 5–9, 12, 26–29, 32, 36f., 42, 48f., 56–58, 62f., 72, 77–79, 97, 100–103, 106, 108, 110, 113f., 117–119, 121, 126, 130, 132, 136, 140, 146f., 153, 155f., 159, 163f., 167, 169, 172, 177, 180, 182f., 188, 209, 218f., 233, 235, 254, 256f., 311–314, 317, 319, 323, 327, 330, 337, 355, 358persecution22, 56f., 72f., 84, 108, 144, 160, 178, 182, 189–191, 194, 200, 247, 285Petri, Franz31, 156–158, 160, 166, 173, 176–188, 191–207, 344, 352Piebenga, Haring162, 174, 242f., 282, 286, 288, 291f., 298, 304, 307f., 315, 322, 339f., 349pillar37–39, 40–43, 51, 53, 60f., 97, 111, 115f., 119f., 128f., 134–137, 140, 147, 165, 169f., 222, 270, 297, 309, 312pillared society42f., 51, 53, 97, 111, 134–137, 140, 297, 309, 312Pirenne, Henry176f., 360physical anthropology171, 303, 319, 357, 359, 362Ploetz, Alfred17, 221Plügel, Anton327f., 344Pöch, Hella224, 270, 277, 290, 320–322, 324, 333, 340, 343Poland35, 60, 63–65, 89, 190f., 326, 328f.Polder Foundation55, 161–163, 170f., 282, 286–288, 291, 296f., 304, 308, 345polders9, 59, 135, 148–150, 161, 171f., 174, 239, 241, 243, 245–249, 251, 253, 255, 257, 282, 286, 296f., 304, 332, 340Poliakov, Leo35political economy171population registry36f., 60f., 81, 136, 291, 293, 325, 339Portugesia318, 332Portuguese Jews56, 65–68, 70, 72, 75, 77, 79, 82, 99, 151, 254f., 259, 262–264, 266–269, 271, 275, 277, 284f., 298f., 305f., 313–317, 320–325, 332–338, 341–343, 345f.poverty43, 45–47, 50, 146, 148, 246, 248Presser, Jacques53, 64, 70, 74f., 82–84, 91, 96f., 121, 123, 125f., 131, 133, 140, 143, 148–151, 233, 249, 251–256, 259, 262, 268, 277, 286, 314, 318f., 331, 334, 341–343, 346, 359Proosdij, J. van332f.Propria Cures99, 126, 357protestant22, 30, 39, 41, 44, 53f., 68, 74, 86, 92, 105, 115, 123, 126, 134, 136, 141, 146, 149, 158f., 162f., 171, 173, 214, 259, 261, 308psychiatrists209, 215, 217f., 222purity12, 29, 219, 229, 238, 243, 322, 325Quay, Jan de135, 149, 162Querido, Andries298, 310, 352race3–18, 20, 22, 25, 27–30, 49, 55, 63, 66, 69–72, 75, 104, 107f., 117, 139, 141, 161, 176, 185, 210–212, 214f., 220, 224, 228, 230, 234f., 238, 240–242, 244, 246–249, 255, 257, 259, 261, 280f., 294, 303f., 307, 311, 324, 328, 336, 338, 348, 351, 353f., 357, 359–362Rahm, K.94f., 97, 124Rasse3–11, 14, 16–22, 25f., 30, 69, 71, 75, 77, 82f., 86–89, 96, 98, 107, 131f., 134, 136, 138–142, 149, 156, 160–163, 165, 177–179, 182, 189, 203, 208–210, 214–216, 218–252, 254–268, 270f., 274–277, 280–289, 292, 294, 296–298, 303–350, 354, 356f., 359f., 362Rassenhygiene16f., 30, 210, 214, 228, 309, 362Rassenkunde30, 88, 156, 228, 230, 303, 305, 310, 359f.Rassenschande30, 227Rauter, Hanns Albin52, 96, 135, 262, 323–325, 338, 340Reche, Otto215, 224, 227, 230f., 238, 241Reeder, Eggert182f., 185, 188, 190–193, 203, 205–207Reese, Werner180, 187f., 194f., 202, 206relationship2f., 5, 7, 10–12, 19, 20, 27f., 32, 38, 42f., 50, 52, 57, 63, 65, 74, 77f., 80, 86, 95, 101, 105, 109, 117, 125, 129f., 132, 147f., 155, 157, 165, 173, 175, 177, 182–185, 196, 198, 200, 209, 214, 216, 218, 223, 227, 235, 239, 254, 257, 271, 274f., 276, 287, 290, 313, 317, 319, 336religion5, 9, 12, 17, 21f., 26, 30, 45f., 48, 53f., 57, 59, 66, 68f., 71, 82–86, 107f., 115, 122, 134, 138f., 141f., 146, 219, 232f., 248, 281, 285, 335, 338, 344, 350resistance1, 36–39, 42, 58, 78, 83, 85, 87, 90, 92, 100f., 104, 106–110, 126, 130, 135, 144, 146, 163, 174, 206, 209, 220, 269, 271–274, 276–279, 283, 286, 294–297, 300, 307, 317, 330, 334, 344Richards, Earl JeffreyxRoede, Machteld11, 174f., 345, 359Roma and Sinti25Romein, Jan99Romme, Carl274Rosenberg, Alfred192, 199, 205, 220Rosenstein, Roy30, 351f.Rost van Tonningen, Marinus143Rotterdam3, 46, 82, 132, 271, 277Royal Academy of Sciences9, 164, 166f., 201, 282, 346RSHA (SS-Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt)52, 90, 125, 240, 328Rüdin, Ernst216, 220f., 228Sand, Shlomo31, 75, 108, 126Schafft, Gretchen31, 237, 326, 329, 344, 360Schelvis, Jules7, 26f., 31, 52, 60f., 73, 360Schmidt, F.313, 323–325, 341Schmitz-Berning, Cornelia16f., 30f., 123, 202, 360Schmuhl, Hans-Walter16, 174f., 217f., 237, 356, 360Schöffer, Ivo177, 179, 185, 201, 203, 277, 344, 351, 360Schokland Affair286f., 305, 307Schreiber, Georg158Schrieke, J.150, 360Schrijnen, J.158Schwidetzki, Ilse224science3–7, 9, 14f., 17, 23, 50, 53, 62, 98, 106, 111, 117, 128, 156, 160, 162, 164, 166f., 169, 186, 197, 201, 209f., 214, 216, 221, 223f., 228, 234, 236, 240f., 245f., 251, 260, 263, 267, 270, 282, 284, 286, 288, 292f., 301, 303, 307, 315, 321, 326, 328, 339, 346, 352f., 357SD (Sicherheitsdienst)99, 101Second Occupation36, 132, 136f., 141Secretary General (SG)51, 83, 123, 131–133, 135f., 140, 148–150, 155, 171, 192, 309, 321“secular jews”143Sephardim38, 56, 64–68, 77, 82, 85, 88f., 106, 126, 229, 146, 164, 266f., 285, 314, 317f., 323, 325, 330, 333–335, 342Seyss-Inquart, Arthur69, 71, 135–139, 141f., 151, 165, 257, 320–324, 338, 340, 343Shoah2–4, 6, 7f., 21, 23–26, 28, 32, 35, 48f., 51f., 56, 58, 62, 65, 73, 79, 82, 84, 99, 108f., 111, 121, 126f., 131, 142f., 147, 181, 197, 200, 204, 208, 214, 251, 281, 304, 306, 325Sippenforschung75, 220, 224f., 232skeleton156, 281, 289, 290, 294, 327, 346skull16, 29, 69, 89f., 161, 228, 230, 234, 238, 243f., 246, 260, 264, 266–268, 274, 276, 281f., 286, 288–290, 293, 298, 303f., 307–309, 327, 339, 343f., 346, 348skull-measurement69, 90, 228, 266, 268Slicher van Bath, Bernard8, 11, 178, 201, 361Smeding, Sikke135, 162, 292Sneevliet, Henk163, 174Snelders, Stephen292, 309, 361Sobibor27, 31, 52, 79, 92, 146, 333, 360social darwinism14, 216, 236social democrats39f., 171, 274, 295social scientist6f., 7, 13, 16, 245, 291Somers, Eric99, 299, 351Sonderkommando25, 31, 326Souget-Blindeman, Sonja72, 77, 80, 82, 100, 107, 126, 219, 240, 254, 280, 284f., 325, 331, 333Soviet Russia25, 57Spier, Jo94–97, 124f.SS (Schutzstaffel)38, 42, 52, 86–88, 90, 94–96, 101, 109, 124f., 133, 145f., 160, 162, 165–167, 171, 175, 178–183, 185–194, 196, 198, 200, 204f., 229f., 232f., 238, 240, 243, 262, 287f., 291, 305, 315, 326, 328f., 338–340, 344state10, 17, 18f., 21, 29, 31, 36, 39–42, 47, 51, 57, 63, 66f., 70, 71, 75, 77, 94, 104f., 107, 112, 129–145, 147, 149–151, 162, 164–168, 171, 182, 187, 193, 205, 210f., 215, 220–223, 226–231, 234–237, 239f., 253, 256f., 259, 266, 272, 275, 278f., 281, 285, 292, 296, 298f., 302, 304, 306, 310, 313, 315, 317, 331, 334f., 337, 345, 351, 354Steinbach, Franz157f., 166Steinmetz, Rudolf19, 45f., 55, 244–249, 258, 260, 339, 349Steinmetz, Sebald19, 54, 242, 245, 258, 261Steinweis, Alan314, 341, 344, 361sterilization222, 236, 326Stroer, Walter174, 243, 270, 291f., 294, 307, 309, 315, 322, 339f.Stuldreher, Coen240, 257, 278, 284, 337, 341, 346, 361suffering4, 27, 46, 105, 107f., 128, 132, 144, 146, 228, 300, 318Swaab, Dick261, 277Tarnów326, 328f., 344, 348Tenkink, J.136f.Terezin77f., 82, 85–99, 122–125, 145, 256, 333Thedieck, Franz158, 188, 192, 206f.Theresienstadt58, 64, 77, 79, 82, 87–93, 99, 122–124, 145f., 264, 298, 325, 350, 354Touwen-Bouwsma, Elly151, 280, 306, 362Tuntler, J.162, 291, 293, 297f., 304, 309f., 339UNESCO3f., 10, 16, 234, 240, 290, 354, 359Urk162, 174, 258, 288–290, 304, 307–309, 349Verhulst, Adriaan176Verschuer, Otmar von220f., 224, 228, 231Verwey, Robert A.44, 53, 133f., 149victims1, 3, 5–8, 10, 12, 23–33, 35, 37, 42f., 48f., 52, 56f., 59, 61–63, 65, 67, 69, 71, 72f., 75, 78f., 82, 84, 87–90, 95, 97, 99, 101–103, 106, 108–110, 113f., 116, 121, 127f., 130–133, 135–137, 139–151, 155f., 166f., 169, 177, 180, 182, 184, 186, 188, 191f., 209, 214, 218, 224, 232, 241, 252, 256f., 312, 317, 323, 325–327, 330f., 337f., 340, 355Vienna10, 64, 86, 125, 217, 220, 224, 290, 294, 314–317, 319f., 322, 324–328, 335f., 338, 340f.Visser, L.96, 138, 141, 150Voetelink, J.313f., 341Volendam286, 288f.Volk8, 16–20, 30f., 54, 66, 69, 74, 84, 87f., 104, 114, 122, 128f., 132, 136f., 140, 142, 148, 156, 158–166, 173f., 176–180, 183, 188f., 193–195, 202, 204, 222, 229, 246, 248f., 276f., 288, 291, 293, 296, 303f., 307–310, 319, 327, 342, 344, 347–355, 357f., 360f.völkisch19, 69, 177, 180, 193, 352, 354Volkskunde30, 156, 158–160, 162–166, 173, 177Vorrink, Koos274, 295Vries, Jan de31, 74, 142, 158–162, 165, 167, 173, 176, 181, 202, 291, 349, 362Vrije Katheder278, 283, 286, 295–297, 351, 354Vrij Nederland127, 272Wallenstein, Meir98f., 125, 299–302Walloons31, 157, 179Warsaw1, 48, 63, 77Wasserstein, Bernard31, 39, 51, 55, 66, 74f., 77, 121, 362Wastl, Josef224, 315, 320–324, 340–343Weber, Max41, 111, 352Wehrmacht29, 38, 52, 89, 127, 178–180, 188f., 204, 220, 315Weinert, Hans9, 81, 208f., 215, 218, 223–242, 249f., 252f., 268, 272, 274–276, 281, 284f., 287, 304f., 315, 318f., 335f., 340, 342f., 349, 357Westerbork37, 58, 63, 79, 81, 83, 87, 89–91, 93, 99, 105, 110, 145f., 151, 256, 264, 269, 280, 323, 325, 348Westforschung30, 149, 155–161, 163, 165, 167–173, 175–177, 196, 198, 201, 204, 311, 325f., 344, 352Wiele, Jef van de53, 159, 259Wieringermeer polder286, 307Wilhelmina, queen36, 104, 137, 272Wimmer, F.139, 257, 323Woerdeman, Martinus257–259, 262, 281f., 287, 303, 306f., 310, 316f., 335, 339, 348, 363Wittewaall van Stoetwegen, baroness283Yellow Star37f., 71, 81, 88, 240, 252, 262, 322Zanten, J.H. van55, 162, 282, 296, 304, 307, 309zionism17, 30f., 47f., 64, 74, 78, 82f., 86, 88, 104, 106f., 122, 125, 248Zwan, Arie van der149