Grafting Kazakh Shrines on the Yesevi Pilgrimage Path: Invented Traditions, Popular Islam and Kazakh Muslim National Identity

in The Soviet and Post-Soviet Review
Mehr anzeigen Weniger anzeigen
  • 1 Kennesaw State University, Department of History and Philosophy, Kennesaw, GA 30144, U.S.A.

Abstract

The Central Asian states stepped into independence with governments appropriating the nation-state legacy that was inherited from the Soviet era and popular masses appropriating their traditional identity that was suppressed during most of the Soviet era. This article examines the space between the state and society within the context of development and change in the religious material culture in the Syr Darya valley of Southern Kazakhstan. As such this work contributes to the growing literature examining how top-down and bottom-up processes simultaneously operate during post-Soviet national identity formation.

  • Anderson, Benedict. (1983) 1991. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. Revised ed. New York: Verso.

  • Bendix, Regina. 1989. “Tourism and Cultural Displays: Inventing Traditions for Whom?Journal of American Folklore 102(404): 131146.

  • Bodnar, John. 1992. Remaking America: Public Memory, Commemoration, and Patriotism in the Twentieth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

  • Bronner, Simon J. 2011. Explaining Traditions: Folk Behavior in Modern Culture. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky.

  • Cummings, Sally Nikoline. 2013. “Leaving Lenin: Elites, Official Ideology and Monuments in the Kyrgyz Republic.” Nationalities Papers 41(4): 606621.

  • Dave, Bhavna. 2004. “Entitlement Through Numbers: Nationality and Language Categories in the First Post‐Soviet Census of Kazakhstan.” Nations and Nationalism 10(4): 439459.

  • DeWeese, Devin. 1999. “Sacred History for a Central Eurasian Town: Saints, Shrines, and Legends of Origin in Histories of Sayrām, 18th–19th Centuries.” Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée 89/90: 245295.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • DeWeese, Devin. 2000. “Sacred Places and ‘Public’ Narratives: The Shrine of Ahmad Yasavi in Hagiographical Traditions of the Yasavi Sufi Order, 16th-17th Centuries.” The Muslim World 90 (3/4): 353376

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Diener, Alexander. 2002. “National Territory and the Reconstruction of History in Kazakhstan.” Eurasian Geography and Economics 43(8): 632647.

  • Dubisson, Eva-Marie and Anna Genina. 2011. “Changing an Ancestral Homeland: Kazakh Pilgrimage and Migration in Inner Asia.” Central Asian Survey 30(3–4): 469485.

  • Eliade, Mircae. 1959. The Sacreed and the Profane: The Nature of Religion. New York: Harcourt.

  • Giddens, Anthony. 1994. “Living in a Post-Traditional Society.” In Reflexive Modernization: Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order, edited by Ulrich Beck, Anthony Giddens and Scott Lash, 56109. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Hamayon, Robert. 1990. La Chasse a L’ame. Esquisse D’une Theorie du Chamanisme Siberien. Naterre: Societe d’Ethnologie. Quoted in Zarcone, ‘Stone People,’ 36.

  • Hobsbawm, Eric. 1983a. “Introduction: Inventing Traditions.” In The Invention of Tradition, edited by Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger, 114. New York: Cambridge University Press.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Hobsbawm, Eric. 1983b. “Mass-Producing Traditions: Europe, 1870–1914.” In The Invention of Tradition, edited by Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger, 263307. New York: Cambridge University Press.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Hoelscher, Stevan D. 1998 Heritage on Stage. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.

  • Isaacs, Rico and Abel Polese. 2015. “Between Imagined and Real Nation-Building: Identities and Nationhood in Postsoviet Central Asia.” Nationalities Papers 43(3): 371382.

  • Khalid, Adeeb. 1998. The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform: Jadidism in Central Asia. Berkley: University of California Press.

  • Khalid, Adeeb. 2007. Islam after Communism: Religion and Politics in Central Asia. Berkeley: University of California Press.

  • Khosla, R. 2013. Mausoleum of Ahmad Yasawi Project Brief. Accessed February 23, 2014. http://archnet.org/publications/8682.

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Koprulu, Mehmet Fuat. 1966. Türk Edebiyati’nda Ilk Mutasavviflar (Istanbul: Diyanet Iṣleri Baṣkanliǧi Yayinlari.

  • Koprulu, Mehmet Fuat. 1993. “Ahmed Yesevi.” In Islam ansiklopedisi [Encyclopedia of Islam] vol. 1, 210215. Istanbul: Milli Egitim Basimevi.

  • Kudaibergenova, Diana T. 2013. “Imagining Community in Soviet Kazakhstan. An Historical Analysis of Narrative on Nationalism in Kazakh-Soviet Literature.” Nationalities Papers 41(5): 839854.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Kugle, Scott. 2007. Sufis and Saints’ Bodies: Mysticism, Corporeality, and Sacred Power in Islam. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.

  • Lemercier-Quelquejay, Chantal. 1984. “From Tribe to Ummah.” Central Asian Survey 3(3): 1526.

  • Laruelle, Marlene. 2012. “The Paradigm of Nationalism in Kyrgyzstan. Evolving Narrative, the Sovereignty Issue, and Political Agenda.” Communist and Post-Communist Studies 45: 3949.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Logan, William. 2012. “States, Governance and the Politics of Culture: World Heritage in Asia,” in Routledge Handbook of Heritage in Asia edited by Patrick Daly and Tim Winter. Abingdon: Routledge, 113128.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Louw, Maria. 2006. “Pursuing Muslimness: Shrines as Sites for Moralities in the Making in Postsoviet Bukhara.” Central Asian Survey 25(3): 319339.

  • Macdonald, Sharon. 2013. Memorylands: Heritage and Identity in Europe Today. Oxon: Routledge.

  • Manz, Beatrice Forbes. 2002. “Tamerlane’s Career and Its Uses.” Journal of World History 13(1): 125.

  • Mayeur-Jaouen, Catherine. 2000. ‘Tombeaux, Mosquees et Zawiya: la polarite des lieux saints musulmans,’ in A. Vauchez (ed.), Lieux sacres, lieux de culte, sanctuaries. Approches terminologiques, methodologiques, historiques et monographiques. Rome: Ecole Francaise de Rome. Cited in Thiery Zarcone, ‘Stone People, Tree People and Animal People in Turkic Asia and Eastern Europe,’ Diogenes no. 207 (2005), 41.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Mellon, J. G. 2010. “Myth, Legacy and Nationalism in Central Asia.” Ethnopolitics 9(2): 137150.

  • Meskell, Lynn. 2012. The Nature of Heritage: The New South Africa. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

  • Noyes, Dorothy and Roger D. Abrahams. 1999. “From Calendar Custom to National Memory: European Commonplaces.” In Cultural Memory and the Construction of Identity, edited by Dan Ben-Amos and Liliane Weissberg, 7798. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Ozouf, Mona. 1988. Festivals and the French Revolution. Translated and edited by Alan Sheridan. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

  • Pawlusz, Emilia and Oleksandra Selverstova. 2016Everyday Nation-Building in the Post-Soviet Space. Methodological Reflections.” Studies of Transition State and Societies, 8 (1): 6986

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Polese, Abel. 2011. “Language and Identity in Post-1991 Ukraine: Was it Really Nation-Building?Studies of Transition States and Societies 3 (3): 3650.

  • Polese, Abel, Jeremy Morris, Emilia Pawlusz and Oleksandra Seliverstova (eds.) 2017. Identity and Nationalism in Everyday Post-Socialist Life. London: Routledge.

  • Polese, Abel, Oleksandra Seliverstova, Emilia Pawlusz and Jeremy Morris (eds.) 2018. Informal Nationalism After Communism: The Everyday Construction of Post-Socialist Identities. London: IB Tauris.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Privratsky, Bruce G. 2000. Muslim Turkistan: Kazak Religion and Collective Memory. Richmond: Curzon.

  • Quelquejay, Chantal. 1959. “Anti-Islamic Propaganda in Kazakhstan since 1953.” The Middle East Journal 13(3): 319327.

  • Rakowska-Harmstone, Teresa. 1983. “Islam and Nationalism: Central Asia and Kazakhstan under Russian Rule.” Central Asian Survey 2(2): 2440.

  • Schatz, Edward. 2000. “The Politics of Multiple Identities: Lineage and Ethnicity in Kazakhstan.” Europe-Asia Studies 52(3): 489506.

  • Scott, James. C. 1990. Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts. New Haven: Yale University Press.

  • Soucek, Svat. 2000. A History of Inner Asia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Tazmini, Ghoncheh. 2001. “The Islamic Revival in Central Asia: A Potent Force or a Misconception?Central Asian Survey 20(1): 6383.

  • Tishkov, Valery. 1997. Ethnicity, Nationalism and Conflict in and after the Soviet Union: The Mind Aflame. London: Sage.

  • Tor, D. G. 2009. “The Islamization of Central Asia in the Sāmānid Era and the Reshaping of the Muslim World.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 72: 279299.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • TWESCO. 11 May 2019. “President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev: Turkistan is the Cradle of the Turkic World.International Turkic Academy. Turkic World Education and Scientific Cooperation Organization. Available at http://twesco.org/en/2019/11/05/1161/. Retrieved on 15 November 2019.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Winter, Tim. 2014. “Clarifying the Critical in Critical Heritage Studies.” International Journal of Heritage Studies 19 (6): 532545.

  • Yoder, Don. 1974. “Toward a Definition of Folk Religion.” Western Folklore 33 (1): 215.

  • Zarcone, Thierry. 2005. “Stone People, Tree People and Animal People in Turkic Asia and Eastern Europe.” Diogenes 52 (3): 3546.

Kennzahlen

Insgesamt Im letzten Jahr In den letzten 30 Tagen
Aufrufe von Kurzbeschreibungen 95 95 5
Gesamttextansichten 6 6 0
PDF-Downloads 5 5 0