Romano Guardini gehört zu den bekanntesten Reformtheologen und katholischen Intellektuellen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Die Studie verortet ihn erstmals in der Geschichte gesellschaftlicher Modernisierung in der Kaiserzeit und Weimarer Republik.
In der von industriellem Aufbruch samt seinen Verwerfungen bestimmten Epoche änderten sich neben Bildungsidealen und -wegen auch die Verhältnisbestimmung von Individualität und Sozialität, die Körperwahrnehmung, der Naturbezug und das Zeitempfinden. Religion und Ritual fanden verbreitet neue Aufmerksamkeit. In diesen Zusammenhängen entsteht Guardinis sehr eigenständiges reformtheologisches Profil. Vor dem zeitgenössischen Panorama gesellschaftlicher Debatten und im Kontext der Jugendbewegung zeigt die Studie, dass Guardinis Reform liturgischer Praxis wesentlich auf die Herausforderungen der Industriegesellschaft und ihre kulturellen Transformationen zu antworten versuchte.
The figure of the “professional” looms large in our contemporary society as an ideal for economic activity and socio-political inclusion, and even as a model for individual self-development. But how and when did this figure arise? And what has led professional activity to become such an essential part of our personal, social, moral, economic, and political life? While Max Weber and others have famously addressed these questions, this book reveals a more nuanced history of the concept of “profession” and “professional duty,” and offers the first comprehensive study of the discourse of professional ethics from a historical perspective. Italy, France, Germany, and the United Kingdom provide most of the rich corpus of philosophical, juridical, and theological sources discussed throughout the book in its longue durée journey from Ancient Rome to the present.
Es mag überraschen, dass „große Prozesse“ wie die Globalisierung oder die Digitalisierung wieder die Region in den Fokus historischen Interesses gerückt haben. Doch hier zeigten sich die gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen „nach dem Boom“ tatsächlich am deutlichsten. Angesichts der transformatorischen Qualität dieser Jahre unterscheidet die Forschung inzwischen Gewinner und Verlierer und verweist dabei auf gravierende regionale Unterschiede. Die Autorinnen und Autoren des Bandes nehmen dies zum Anlass, eine Reihe unterschiedlicher regionaler Themenfelder genauer zu untersuchen und besondere „Varianten des Wandels“ seit 1970 herauszuarbeiten. Dabei zeigt sich, dass akuter Handlungsbedarf unterhalb der nationalen Ebene zumeist früh erkannt wurde und sich die sozialen Gruppen und Akteure vor Ort als die eigentlichen Gestalter des Wandels erwiesen. Die Regionen waren jedoch aufgrund ihrer jeweiligen Dispositionen und Potenziale stets in unterschiedlichem Maße betroffen und schlugen deshalb in vielen Fällen sehr spezifische Entwicklungspfade ein.
Der polnische Königshof in der Zeit Sigismunds III. Wasa war eine wichtige Plattform europäischen Informationsaustauschs, dynastischer Netzwerke und der Koordination konfessionell geprägter Politik.
Ausländische Diplomaten suchten den Kontakt zum Hof, wie dort auch diplomatische Missionen ins Ausland organisiert wurden. Im Spannungsfeld zwischen den politischen Ansprüchen des Sejms und den dynastisch-politischen Interessen des Monarchen entspann sich damit ein Handlungsfeld, dessen Analyse einen Blick auf das Funktionieren europäischer Verflechtungen ermöglicht und zugleich zeigt, welche Handlungsoptionen dem Monarchen und dessen Umgebung im Rahmen der polnisch-litauischen Mischverfassung zukamen.
Adam Mickiewicz (1798 – 1855) was the greatest Polish Romantic poet, and one of the great intellectual and literary figures of the first half of the 19th century in Europe. Through his verses, as well as his efforts as a scholar, lecturer, political activist and literary celebrity, he sought to bridge the gap between the Slavic nations and the culture of Western Europe. This selection of 27 poems focuses on the poems within Mickiewicz’s oeuvre which might be described as metaphysical. These original, ingenious verses explore an astonishing range of religious, mystical, philosophical, and existential themes, inviting the reader to include Mickiewicz among the most eminent figures of early European Romanticism, including Coleridge, Wordsworth and Novalis, as well the American transcendentalists. Mickiewicz’s poetry and thought are the creation of a restlessly inventive mind: his vision was unorthodox, unpredictable and ever-developing. The book presents a bilingual edition (Polish-English) with a scholarly introduction and commentary, presenting Mickiewicz as a writer in the context of his times. The co-editors of the volume are Jerzy Fiećko, one of the eminent experts in the field of Mickiewicz studies, and Mateusz Stróżyński, an internationally recognized scholar of the Platonic tradition and Western mysticism.
In his last monumental organ piece, “Livre du Saint Sacrement,” the French composer Olivier Messiaen (1908–1992) approaches the mystery of the eucharistic presence, using all elements of his extraordinary compositional language: Gregorian chants, birdsongs, Greek and Hindu rhythms, serialism, and sound-colors. In this book, the Livre du Saint Sacrement, which premiered in 1986, is fully analyzed and theologically interpreted for the first time. The influence of the eucharistic hymns of Thomas Aquinas, among other sources, on the work’s conception and the composer’s theology is explored, and the author points out the ways in which Messiaen’s musico-theological dedication to the Eucharist can inspire actual theology.
“Courtly Gifts and Cultural Diplomacy” explores the history of British-Russian state relations from the perspective of art and material culture. This richly illustrated book presents manifold practices of courtly gift-giving and vivid case studies of British-Russian artistic diplomacy over the centuries. It traces a visual and material history of cross-cultural dialogue that starts with an early English map of Russia made in the 16th century and ends with gifts of Fabergé art objects and domestic photographs exchanged between the British royal family and the family of Tsar Nicholas II in late Imperial Russia. Twelve expert authors from academia, the arts, and the museum sectors in Britain, Russia, and the United States present new narratives and critical interpretations based on material from previously unexplored archives. Their diverse approaches reveal the importance of artistic diplomacy and the agency of gifts of art and material culture in courtly and state relations.
This issue takes an inclusive approach to the multidimensional topic of Mediterranean movement, as the themes to be discussed include migration, trade, traveling objects, knowledge exchange, and dissemination of books. The case studies demonstrate the impact of movement on the processes of identity building, whether social, cultural, or religious. Apart from textual sources, the articles included in this issue explore the movement of objects that are characterised by temporal continuity, embodying a prior existence with lingering effects. As objects transform through time and space, so do the values and functions attributed to them. The process of mapping out itineraries of value in the realm of the material allows us to grasp the nature of a given social formation through the shape and meaning taken on by them. It also provides insights into the nature of dynamic synergy between the world of material objects and the realm of beliefs, knowledge, and identities.
The overarching goal of the Series is to incorporate the history and culture of Roma into the mainstream of European and global academia. To achieve this goal, the series Roma History and Culture publishes books (monographs, edited volumes, and collections of historical sources) from wide range of disciplines – history, ethnography, anthropology, sociology, political science, religion, cultural studies, literature studies, film, and art history, with particular focus on comparative studies – that offer innovative, critical and, above all, reliable and fully documented insights into Roma history and culture that relies on documents, critical rereading and rethinking of historical sources and existing research. This approach marks a critical turn in the academic studies of Roma history and culture that in the past all too often were blighted by stereotypes and myths, especially the specious belief that there are not enough preserved written sources on the Roma past to allow for the emergence of Roma history as a field in its own right. The series thus, shifts and challenges prevailing academic narratives that Roma are nothing else but a detached, marginalised community and a passive object of different state governments’ policies by presenting, analysing and contextualising the agency of Roma as actors in their own right, with their own views and visions of the development for the Roma and their communities. In this way the volumes published in the Roma book series present and contribute to the incorporation of the Roma past and present into the mainstream of European and global historiography instead of confining Roma history and culture to some narrow ethnic box. Research work on the Roma from Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe constitutes the very academic focus of the proposed Book Series, which aspires to also cover the past and cultures of other communities that have historically been known under the general label “Gypsies”, such as the Sinti, Manush, Kale, Romanichals, Irish and Scottish Travelers, etc.
This is the first monograph on the history of the Rudari people of Romania and the first mapping of their settlements. The Rudari are a population which has traditionally inhabited the Balkan area and much of Central Europe. Many of them do not know the Romani language but speak Romanian dialects and today make a living out of carving wooden household items, although their Slavic name alludes to mining. Indeed, the Rudari were for centuries gold-prospectors and gold-washers working for the Crown of Wallachia and were administrated as slaves by a monastery situated on the auriferous Olt river. The authors have reconstructed the fascinating history of this ethnic group for a period of 500 years until the 19th century when gold-panning went in decline due to the exhaustion of the reserves of alluvial gold.