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Die erste monographische Darstellung der Dämonologie Augustins und ihrer Hintergründe. Die Existenz von Dämonen galt sowohl für Pagane als auch für Christen, für Gebildete wie Ungebildete in der Antike als Realität.
Zur Verbreitung der christlichen Dämonenvorstellungen hat Augustinus einen (auch wirkungsgeschichtlich) bedeutsamen Beitrag geleistet. Vor allem in seinem Hauptwerk „De ciuitate dei“ und seiner Schrift „De diuinatione daemonum“, die gleichzeitig die einzige eigenständige Schrift eines Kirchenvaters zum Thema Dämonen ist, hat er dem Wesen und der Beschaffenheit der Dämonen seine Aufmerksamkeit geschenkt. Die Studie widmet sich der nichtchristlichen und christlichen Dämonologie der Antike von Homer bis in die Zeit Augustins. Besonderes Augenmerk fällt auf die Ansicht Platons, dass die Daimones als Mittler zwischen Menschen und Göttern fungieren. Diese Ansicht sollte bis zum Erstarken des Christentums im 2./3. Jahrhundert vorherrschen.
Anchored in concrete struggles for climate justice, this volume offers constructive theological contributions to the development of just ways of living in an inter-special community.
The struggle against the climate crisis and for a livable future on earth raises profound questions of justice that call for theological engagement. Anchored in concrete situations of climate vulnerability and responsibility, this volume investigates the theological epistemologies, practices and imaginaries that have profoundly shaped climate politics in the past and explores possible theological reformulations that can open up sustainable and just futures. With these critical and constructive theological reflections, it seeks to contribute to practices of climate justice by inspiring the development of socially and economically just ways of living in global, inter-special community.
Die Reihe »Religion and Transformation in Contemporary European Society« dokumentiert die Arbeit der gleichnamigen interdisziplinären Forschungsplattform der Universität Wien. Unter dem Dach dieser Plattform erforschen Wissenschaftler/innen die wechselseitigen Einflüsse von Religion(en) und gesellschaftlichen Transformationsprozessen in Europa. Die Bände werden von den einzelnen Untergruppen der Forschungsplattform verantwortet und widmen sich jeweils gezielt einer Forschungsfrage.

Weitere Informationen über die Forschungsplattform finden Sie unter www.religionandtransformation.at.

The series "Religion and Transformation in Contemporary European Society" documents the work of the interdisciplinary research platform of the same name research platform of the University of Vienna. Under the umbrella of this platform, scientists research the mutual influences of religion(s) and social transformation processes in Europe. The volumes are the responsibility of the individual subgroups of the research platform and are each dedicated to a specific research question.

More information about the research platform can be found at www.religionandtransformation.at.
Author: Amy Whitehead

Abstract

Statues of the Virgin Mary have been embarking on various types of movement and migration for centuries. They are the fixed points around which religious activities are carried out in communities in Spain and Latin America and play significant roles in the personal and social lives of their devotees. Until recently, however, scholarship has largely overlooked the potential richness of what religious material cultures can tell us about religious transformation in Latin America. This paper therefore offers a theoretical and methodological advance by way of a ground-up, ‘material’ approach to understanding religious change through the religious statues themselves. It utilises the statue of the Virgen de la Regla in Chipiona, Spain as a node on a map from which to trace the lines of movement from Spain into Cuba where a replica of the same Virgin, another nodal point, is worshipped as both Virgin Mary and Santeria Orisha Yamaya.

Open Access
In: Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society
Author: Steven Engler

Abstract

Focusing on the Brazilian spirit-incorporation religion of Umbanda, this article proposes a theoretical shift in conceptions of hybridity: a move from asking “what ingredients mix in what manner to produce what result?” to asking “how do we interpret religious innovation?” This approach sees meaning as simply the result of interpretation (not in terms of a representational relation between words and world). It also underlines the centrality of discursive claims of hybridity and purity, as opposed to historical issues of origins – a point clarified by comparing “hybridity” to “tradition.” Comparison of Umbanda and Candomblé leads to the conclusion that each can be considered both “Afro-Brazilian” and “hybrid” in different ways. Candomblé exhibits semantic polarity (all groups accept that a certain sub-type is more authentic and hybridity marks divergence from that norm). Umbanda exhibits semantic plurality (wide variation between groups is not subject to such a normative judgment).

Open Access
In: Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society
Free access
In: Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society

Abstract

Modern sciences and Islam are oftentimes perceived (or presented) as irreconcilable or even as mutually exclusive poles. In attempting to re-establish the dialogue on the topic and to find contemporary approaches that might enable one to keep personal religious beliefs while also engaging with modern sciences, this article discusses the works of contemporary physicist Nidhal Guessoum. Guessoum not only critically examines current developments in the realm of science in the Muslim world, but also provides the reader with a solution to what seems to be a problem of colliding epistemologies: reconciling the two traditions. According to Guessoum, both traditions – although using different methods – work towards advancing knowledge and should thus both be upheld and progressed. To illustrate his approach to scientific methodology and thinking, the article also provides an analysis of Guessoum’s videos on COVID-19 and thereby addresses a current topic which clearly proves the need for reliable modern science.

Open Access
In: Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society
Authors: Thiemo Breyer and Anna Storms

Abstract

This article investigates the possible functions of empathic interpersonal engagement in the context of medicine and health care. While empathy can be understood in different ways on a theoretical level – as an embodied process of resonance and synchronization, as an affective process of emotional sharing, as a cognitive process of understanding the other, or as a narrative process of externalizing and communicating personal experiences – it is often called for on a normative level as a desideratum in the competence of medical professionals. We address this issue by introducing different models of the relationality between doctors and patients, in order to clarify which dimensions of empathy are relevant in which model and raise the question whether empathy is more than a nice-to-have virtue on the side of the professionals.

Open Access
In: Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society
Author: Nina Käsehage

Abstract

This contribution discusses the question whether there is a general interlinking between the fundamentalist perception and practice of Abrahamic religions by some believers or groups and their (in-)ability to cope with pandemics such as Covid-19, or if this assumption is misleading. With the help of selected examples from fundamentalist groups of the Abrahamic religions, it will be shown that some fundamentalist actors see Covid-19 as a divine punishment and make use of the pandemic for radical mobilization of their members, while other religious groups and leaders concentrate on the resilience and healing aspects of their followers during the pandemic. The different responses of coping lead to the question whether monotheistic religions might be more susceptible to fundamentalist reactions to pandemics than other religions.

Open Access
In: Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society

Abstract

Defining psychological resilience while taking into account all of its different facets has proven to be a difficult task, requiring an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary approach. This article will present some of the theologically relevant current findings of the new research group on “Resilience in Religion and Spirituality” (DFG-FOR 2686) working in cooperation between theology, philosophy, psychosomatic medicine, palliative care, and spiritual care (chapter 1). Even though our project builds on factors and mechanisms of resilience already intensively discussed (chapter 2), we will add some further aspects on resilience as a multidimensional and dynamic process of adaption (chapter 3) and on the integration of negative experiences, of endurance, of the formation of powerlessness and of the mediopassive (chapter 4). This will allow for some prospective considerations on understanding challenges and problems of the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic (chapter 5).

Open Access
In: Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society