The aim of the study is the analysis of the attitude of Polish political parties towards the Kaliningrad Region in the years 1989-2019. The interest of Polish parties and political groups in the Kaliningrad Region has been observed since the fall of the Soviet Union. The change in the geopolitical situation aroused interest in the possibilities of establishing mutual relations on both sides. The author identifies and analyses the activity of the politicians who represent political parties on the parliamentary and cabinet arena, and the activity of local politicians from the Warmia and Mazury Region (Voivodship). The study presents a cross-section of the attitudes of political parties towards the Russian enclave bordering on Poland.
This paper is devoted to the cooperation linking the Warmia and Mazury Region (Warmińsko-Mazurskie Voivodeship) in Poland and the Kaliningrad Region (Kaliningrad Oblast) in Russia. The main aim is to show it from a practical point of view, namely through actual documents, initiatives and actions initiated and implemented in bilateral contacts.
The paper begins by looking at strategic documents (intergovernmental, interregional) which establish the framework for collaborations. Several forms of political cooperation are also described: both those initiated by regional authorities and those governed by state bodies with the participations of regions. It is also shown how some of them have been influenced by international situation and the Polish-Russian political crisis. Then it concentrates on selected areas of cooperation with some examples of common events and tools dedicated to support Polish-Russian initiatives. In this context special attention is given to the sector of tourism. This text also considers how the introduction of the Local Border Traffic changed the reality of cross-border cooperation. It also shows the meaning of the Poland-Russia Cross-border Cooperation Programme as a very concrete tool fostering bilateral relations. Lastly, in its final part the text points out a few issues worth monitoring in the coming months since they may have impact on Polish-Russian interregional cooperations.
The aim of this study is to present and analyse forms of cooperation between local and regional self-government authorities of the Warmia and Mazury Region (Warmińsko-Mazurskie Voivodeship) and the Kaliningrad Region (Kaliningrad Oblast) in the context of the European Union policies.
East Prussia, the former province of the German Reich, after the Second World War was partitioned between Poland, Lithuania and Russia. Though the province stopped existing, it remained a point of interest in terms of historical politics and remembrance for the inhabitants of the three mentioned countries and Germany. This chapter presents the issues of historical politics and related policy of remembrance to refer them to the particular practices employed in the historical politics. The political history run in Kaliningrad has been given a special attention here.