For John, Jesus’ exaltation on the cross and his exaltation to the Father coincide. From this perspective, a resurrection account could be missing. John adds it nevertheless in order to show the consequences of Jesus’ being exalted to the Father: Jesus brings from the Father God’s eschatological gifts. John uses the tradition of the earlier evangelists about the empty tomb, but in a critical way. This tradition belongs to the Synoptic Gospels as narrative texts and is influenced by early Jewish Apocalyptic and speculations about the raising of heroes of the past to God. The oldest traditions of the NT before and in Paul do not yet know this tradition.
This contribution examines the lexeme ἡ ἀπολύτρωσις in the top text of Paul’s doctrine of justification in Rom 3:21–31 exegetically. In particular, one should ask how the syntagma διὰ τῆς ἀπολυτρώσεως τῆς ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ in Rom 3:24b is to be translated correctly. The interpretation is based on the hermeneutical assumption of a translation of ἀπολύτρωσις with “free purchase” or “redemption”. It is important to consider whether the propositio generalis and especially the syntagma δύναμις … εἰς σωτηρίαν in Rom 1:16–17 can contribute aspects to the decision of this translation. Last but not least, it is asked which fields of imagination are called up by the urban Roman Christians through the use of the metaphor of ransom.