The book expands the history of the Cold War to Eastern European emigrants and their networks.
The “Assembly of Captive European Nations” was a major organisation for Eastern European emigrants in the US since 1954. The cooperation of exiled politicians from nine countries opened up for them new opportunities for lobbying and publications. This book focuses on Estonian contributions to the ACEN. Besides successes, the book reveals troublesome relations with the American authorities, schisms among Europeans and extended national disputes. The ACEN was quickly forgotten after its dissolution in 1972. Based on extensive archival research, this book reflects the ACEN’s aspirations and personalities.
This monograph, which complements the existing body of work on the Armenian diaspora in a Central European context, is the first demographic synthesis devoted to the Armenian community in Old Poland and Austrian Galicia (1772–1860). It is the story of the biological and cultural trajectory of a human life: birth, marriage, childbearing, family life, sickness, old age and death. The author enumerates the Armenian diaspora in Austrian Galicia and poses questions regarding Armenian identity, religious practices and community life. The book includes a discussion of archival sources and contains a selection of the parish family registers (status animarum) in the annex. These documents, which not only enhance the narration but also detail the Armenian families, can stimulate further research and support genealogical investigations.
The main objective of the book is a multi-aspect analysis of the functioning of the Kaliningrad Region in contemporary political reality, both in internal and international dimensions.
The area constitutes a unique enclave in contemporary Europe, being the only part of Russia separated from the mother country, which determines the taking place therein in the dimension of relations: bilateral, multilateral (e.g. EU - Russia, NATO - Russia, Baltic Sea Region cooperation) as well as regional and local cooperation. The book is a result of many years’ work of scientists from Poland, Russia and Sweden, who have been researching the functioning of the Kaliningrad Region in internal and external dimensions.
It is a ‘must to read’ volume for all EU-Russia observers and experts.” - Prof. Dr. Piotr Dutkiewicz, Director of the Center for Governance and Public Management,
Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada “
It is an invaluable guide to analysing and understanding contemporary Russia.” - Prof. Dr. Jaroslav Dvorak, Head of the Department of Public Administration and Political Sciences,
Klaipėda University, Klaipėda, Lithuania
The aim of the study is the analysis of the attitude of Polish political parties towards the Kaliningrad Region in the years 1989-2019. The interest of Polish parties and political groups in the Kaliningrad Region has been observed since the fall of the Soviet Union. The change in the geopolitical situation aroused interest in the possibilities of establishing mutual relations on both sides. The author identifies and analyses the activity of the politicians who represent political parties on the parliamentary and cabinet arena, and the activity of local politicians from the Warmia and Mazury Region (Voivodship). The study presents a cross-section of the attitudes of political parties towards the Russian enclave bordering on Poland.
This paper is devoted to the cooperation linking the Warmia and Mazury Region (Warmińsko-Mazurskie Voivodeship) in Poland and the Kaliningrad Region (Kaliningrad Oblast) in Russia. The main aim is to show it from a practical point of view, namely through actual documents, initiatives and actions initiated and implemented in bilateral contacts.
The paper begins by looking at strategic documents (intergovernmental, interregional) which establish the framework for collaborations. Several forms of political cooperation are also described: both those initiated by regional authorities and those governed by state bodies with the participations of regions. It is also shown how some of them have been influenced by international situation and the Polish-Russian political crisis. Then it concentrates on selected areas of cooperation with some examples of common events and tools dedicated to support Polish-Russian initiatives. In this context special attention is given to the sector of tourism. This text also considers how the introduction of the Local Border Traffic changed the reality of cross-border cooperation. It also shows the meaning of the Poland-Russia Cross-border Cooperation Programme as a very concrete tool fostering bilateral relations. Lastly, in its final part the text points out a few issues worth monitoring in the coming months since they may have impact on Polish-Russian interregional cooperations.
The aim of this study is to present and analyse forms of cooperation between local and regional self-government authorities of the Warmia and Mazury Region (Warmińsko-Mazurskie Voivodeship) and the Kaliningrad Region (Kaliningrad Oblast) in the context of the European Union policies.
East Prussia, the former province of the German Reich, after the Second World War was partitioned between Poland, Lithuania and Russia. Though the province stopped existing, it remained a point of interest in terms of historical politics and remembrance for the inhabitants of the three mentioned countries and Germany. This chapter presents the issues of historical politics and related policy of remembrance to refer them to the particular practices employed in the historical politics. The political history run in Kaliningrad has been given a special attention here.
The initial assumption of this Chapter was an insight into the relations of the Kaliningrad Region and the European Union from a local perspective focused on former East Prussian territory, currently being part of Poland, Russia and Lithuania. The author is convinced that the historical legacy of these lands is an important factor of understanding contemporary political, economic and social realities of the Region.
In the first part, some aspects of the past civilization of native Prussians are discussed – those affecting the formation of the identity of contemporary residents. Long-term resistance to the conquests by the Teutonic Knights facilitated the formation of statehood structures in the areas of the present Baltic Republics.
In the second part, covering the periods of the Teutonic Knights and German Prussia, attention is paid to the European significance of Königsberg as a centre of Lutheran thought and later in the rise of Imperial Germany.
The last two parts cover the period of the Second World War and the post-war period – the destructions as a result of the war and the first post-war years are highlighted as well as the complexity of internal and international relations of the contemporary Kaliningrad Region.
The author’s personal thoughts and opinions have been formulated as “Concluding remarks”.
The end of the Second World War brought a new legal, political and spatial order to the territory of former East Prussia. The political, demographic and economic area was divided between Poland and the Soviet Union as a result of the decision made between the world powers. Both sides of the border carried out separate policies to respect the German heritage of these lands and changes made to the names of towns and geographic sites. These two approaches affected and continue to influence the current identity and historical consciousness of the inhabitants of the Warmia and Mazury Region and Kaliningrad Region of the Russian Federation. The aim of the article is to establish a comparison of this kind of historical policies related to the German heritage of these lands, and the processes of evolution of the identity and historical awareness of both communities, as well as to study the processes of the evolution of identity and historical awareness in the Warmia and Mazury and Kaliningrad Regions. The following selected issues related to identity and historical consciousness are analysed: history of the former German sacral and defensive architecture, museum collections and monuments; the state of preservation of pre-war names of rural, urban and geographical areas; the currently observed frequency of recourse to German resentments in the society, culture and economy. One of the currently observed processes around the Polish-Russian border are the transitions of identity and awareness resulting from the cross-border cooperation of local communities.
International activity and cooperation of universities has become a norm. The evolution from intermittent contacts of researchers to intensive collaboration programmes based on common values and tangible political mission – besides aiming at the attraction of human recourses at external markets – has taken not very much time from a historical perspective. Why do European universities cooperate? What are the goals of cooperation with third countries? How has the vector of cooperation between the Russian and the European Union university systems been developing?