Judith Butler is regarded as one of the most popular philosophers of the present. Famous for her theory of gender her wide-ranging work explored such themes as language, power, recognition, vulnerability, mourning, and grievability, revolutions, democratic movements, and resistance. This book provides an overview of Butler’s rich scholarship and utilizes selected examples to present opportunities for a theological approach to her work. Of particular interest in this regard are the clear parallels between Butler’s thought and progressive theologies, such as Liberation Theology or the New Political Theology founded by Johann Baptist Metz. With attention to Butlers Jewish background, this unique interdisciplinary investigation bridges Butler’s thought, political philosophy, and Christian theology. Judith Butler and Theology considers how the reflections and insights of this critical intellectual can help set a constructive theology for the challenges of our century.
Wurden Papst Pius XII. und die katholische Kirche nach 1945 wegen ihres Verhaltens während der Herrschaft der Nationalsozialisten unverhältnismäßig in den Fokus gerückt?
Mark Edward Ruff untersucht die heftigen Kontroversen über das Verhältnis zwischen der katholischen Kirche und dem NS-Regime, die in der Bundesrepublik zwischen 1945 und 1980 ausbrachen – etwa über Rolf Hochhuths Schauspiel „Der Stellvertreter“ von 1963. Er beleuchtet dabei, warum diese kulturellen Gefechte so viel Kraft kosteten, die Schlagzeilen beherrschten, Klagen vor Gericht auslösten und zum Einschreiten von Außenministerien führten. Nach Ruff waren diese Kontroversen über die Beziehung zwischen Kirche und Nationalsozialismus oftmals Stellvertreterkriege um die Positionierung der Kirche in der „modernen“ Welt – in der Politik, internationalen Beziehungen und den Medien. Im Mittelpunkt dieser Auseinandersetzungen standen in den meisten Fällen Konflikte, die durch die gestiegene politische Bedeutung des Katholizismus und die Integration katholischer Bürgerinnen und Bürger in die Mitte der Gesellschaft ausgelöst wurden.
1918, am Ende des Ersten Weltkriegs, fanden die Deutschen nicht in den Frieden zurück. Die »Schmach von Versailles« trug wesentlich zum Aufstieg Hitlers und zum Ausbruch des Zweiten Weltkriegs 1939 bei. Welche Rolle spielte die Religion, als der Krieg in den Köpfen und in der Öffentlichkeit weitertobte? Das Buch beantwortet diese Frage am Beispiel Münchens: Hochburg des Katholizismus, mit starken evangelischen und jüdischen Minderheiten, und gleichzeitig »Hauptstadt der NS-Bewegung«. Kinder lernten den Krieg schon in der ersten Klasse. Totengedenkfeiern griffen die ehemaligen Kriegsgegner erneut an. Denkmäler und Friedhöfe heroisierten den toten Kämpfer und schrieben sein Vermächtnis. Wahlplakate und Karikaturen schürten die Aggression. Der Pazifismus hatte einen schweren Stand gegen Patriotismus und politische Justiz. Die Presse spiegelte und schürte ‚Volkes Stimme‘.
This theological and philological commentary provides a detailed description of Augustine’s argument and reveals the areas where Augustine misrepresents or oversimplifies Porphyry’s thought in the
Deregressu animae and other works.
This work establishes a new foundation for any future work on Porphyry’s
Deregressu animae. Via comparison with Porphyry’s extant Greek works and fragments, the commentary sheds light on seven key topics in Augustine’s presentation:
1) the ‘spiritual soul,’
2) the nature of theurgy,
3) the report that Porphyry attributes passsiones to the gods,
4) the coherence of the
De regressu animae with Porphyry’s other works, in particular his
De philosophia ex oraculis and
Epistula ad Anebontem,
5) the report on the purifying principia,
6) Porphyry’s views on reincarnation, and
7) the universal way of salvation.
A rare scholarly attempt to focus on the last decade of Augustine’s life, this volume highlights the themes and concerns that occupied the aged bishop of Hippo and led him to formulate some of his central notions in the most radical fashion. Augustine of Hippo’s last decade from 420 to 430 witnessed the completion of some of his most infl uential works, from the City of God to the Unfi nished Work against Julian of Eclanum, from On the Trinity to the Literal Commentary on Genesis. During this period Augustine remained fully engaged as bishop and administrator, but also began to curate his legacy, revising his previous works and pushing many of his earlier ideas to novel and at times radical conclusions. Yet, this last period of Augustine’s life has received only modest scholarly attention. With a cast of international scholars, the present volume opens a conversation and makes the case that the late (wild) Augustine deserves at least as much attention as the Augustine of the Confessions.
This ground-breaking book is an impressively extensive collection of primary historical sources in various languages that reflect the history of the Roma (formerly referred to as ‘Gypsies’ in local languages). The selection of the included materials reflects the authentic voice of the Roma them - selves, and presents their visions and the specific goals pursued by the Roma civic emancipation movement. The source materials are published in original and translated in English, and are accompanied by explanatory notes and summarising comments discussing the specific historical realities and their interrelation to the Romani emancipatory movement in Central and Eastern Europe, thus presenting a comprehensive picture of the historical processes.
In recent years, there has been significant scholarly focus on John Chrysostomʼs appropriation of ancient philosophical therapy, but relatively little attention has been devoted to his use of this medicalized discourse in relation to almsgiving. Adopting an interdisciplinary research between Greco-Roman philosophy and social ethics in early Christianity, Junghun Bae pursues a giver-centered analysis which has largely been ignored in the previous research. He argues that for Chrysostom almsgiving is one of the most powerful remedies for healing sick souls. The concept of Christianized soul therapy is a new key framework for understanding his approach to almsgiving holistically and has the potential to off er a new reading of the discourse on almsgiving in late antiquity.
The volume gives thankful resonance to Prof. Sigurd Bergmann, Lund, on the occasion of his 65th birthday. With its 14 contributions it intends to honor Sigurd Bergmann for all his academic and personal efforts in the areas of critical thinking, responsible ethics, and ingenious spirituality in service of the earth as protected habitat. The authors come from Sweden, Finland, Norway, Germany, Montenegro, the UK, South Africa, and Indonesia. The contributions cover a wide range of issues related to eco-theology, namely aesthetics, moral philosophy, theology, history of religion, philosophy of education, history of literature, political theory, and economics.
For decades, Christians of different confessions in Central and Eastern Europe were linked together by the experience of totalitarian regimes of the 20th century, which also significantly codetermined the relationships between Christian churches. After 1989, these churches became part of the life of a free society and found themselves in the midst of profound social, political, economic, and cultural changes. Thirty years after the fall of the Iron Curtain presents an opportunity to reflect on what form the local ecumenical communities of churches are taking in this process of transformation. The authors of this book not only share experiences that reflect the specific historical and local context of churches in Central and Eastern Europe but also seek to perceive particular issues in the context of the changing global paradigm of the ecumenical mentality. The book explores the place of ecumenism in the lives of individual churches, opens up questions about the continuity of historical memory, analyzes new challenges addressed to the Christian community, and asks about the form and quality of mutual relations between Christian churches in the region. The volume wants to be a contribution to the search for a valid and reliable ecumenical hermeneutics for the 21st century, which uses the immediate ecumenical experience in the midst of a changing world. The book contains texts by Piotr Kopiec, Péter Szentpétery, Jaroslav Vokoun, Cristian Sonea, Andriyj Mykhaleyko, Robert Svato nˇ , Lʼubomír Batka, and Reinhard Thöle .
Christ Came Forth From India, Timothy Paul Grove offers a survey and contextualiztion of early modern Georgian writings on astrology, astronomy, and cosmology.
These texts include the widely distributed translations of the Almanacco Perpetuo of Ottavio Beltrano (1653), a text brought to the Caucasus by Roman Catholic missionaries, several texts attributed to King Vakht’ang VI of Kartli (1675–1737), and two 19th century manuscripts which incorporate much older material. The numerous Georgian texts are described and examined in terms of their chronology and interrelated content, their literary relationship to texts from outside the Caucasus, and their context within the astrological literature of Europe, the Near East, and the Far East.