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Erinnerungspolitik und historische Kontroversen in der Bundesrepublik 1945-1980. Übersetzt von Charlotte P. Kieslich
Wurden Papst Pius XII. und die katholische Kirche nach 1945 wegen ihres Verhaltens während der Herrschaft der Nationalsozialisten unverhältnismäßig in den Fokus gerückt?
Mark Edward Ruff untersucht die heftigen Kontroversen über das Verhältnis zwischen der katholischen Kirche und dem NS-Regime, die in der Bundesrepublik zwischen 1945 und 1980 ausbrachen – etwa über Rolf Hochhuths Schauspiel „Der Stellvertreter“ von 1963. Er beleuchtet dabei, warum diese kulturellen Gefechte so viel Kraft kosteten, die Schlagzeilen beherrschten, Klagen vor Gericht auslösten und zum Einschreiten von Außenministerien führten. Nach Ruff waren diese Kontroversen über die Beziehung zwischen Kirche und Nationalsozialismus oftmals Stellvertreterkriege um die Positionierung der Kirche in der „modernen“ Welt – in der Politik, internationalen Beziehungen und den Medien. Im Mittelpunkt dieser Auseinandersetzungen standen in den meisten Fällen Konflikte, die durch die gestiegene politische Bedeutung des Katholizismus und die Integration katholischer Bürgerinnen und Bürger in die Mitte der Gesellschaft ausgelöst wurden.
A Demographic and Historical Study
This monograph is the first demographic synthesis devoted to the Armenian community in Old Poland and Austrian Galicia (between 1772 and 1860). The book completes the extant body of works on the Armenian diaspora in a Central European context.
This is the story of the biological and, at the same time, cultural trajectory of a human life from birth, to marriage, the bearing of children and family life, and on through sickness, old age and, finally, death. The author presents a head count of the Armenian diaspora in Austrian Galicia, and also poses questions regarding Armenian identity, ecclesiastic and communal life. The book includes a discussion of archival sources and presents the selection of the parish family registers (status animarum) in the annex. These documents not only enhance the narration but they also document the Armenian families. They may be the basis for further research and genealogical pursuits.
Die Mission des ersten deutschen Botschafters beim Heiligen Stuhl - Diego von Bergen 1920 -1943
Author: Gregor Wand
Nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg wurde Diego von Bergen zum ersten deutschen Botschafter beim Heiligen Stuhl ernannt und vertrat die Weimarer Republik und Hitler-Deutschland bis 1943 am Vatikan. Bis weit in die Nachkriegszeit hinein galt er als der „nationalsozialistischen Mystik nicht empfänglich“.
Da in der historischen Forschung inzwischen Konsens darüber herrscht, dass das Auswärtige Amt die Gewaltpolitik des NS-Regimes überall und zu jeder Zeit mitgetragen hat, liefert die Studie eine überfällige Neubewertung von Hitlers dienstältestem Botschafter. Sie schärft nicht nur das Bild des Amts als Akteur der Außenpolitik des Dritten Reichs, sondern lotet Handlungsspielräume des Botschafters aus und verortet ihn als Gegenspieler des Papstes. Zudem gelingt es methodisch innovativ, die personalpolitische Entwicklung des Amts und der Botschaft epochenübergreifend mitzuberücksichtigen.
A Specific Enclave in Contemporary Europe
The main objective of the book is a multi-aspect analysis of the functioning of the Kaliningrad Region in contemporary political reality, both in internal and international dimensions.

The area constitutes a unique enclave in contemporary Europe, being the only part of Russia separated from the mother country, which determines the taking place therein in the dimension of relations: bilateral, multilateral (e.g. EU - Russia, NATO - Russia, Baltic Sea Region cooperation) as well as regional and local cooperation. The book is a result of many years’ work of scientists from Poland, Russia and Sweden, who have been researching the functioning of the Kaliningrad Region in internal and external dimensions.

“It is a ‘must to read’ volume for all EU-Russia observers and experts.” - Prof. Dr. Piotr Dutkiewicz, Director of the Center for Governance and Public Management, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada
“It is an invaluable guide to analysing and understanding contemporary Russia.” - Prof. Dr. Jaroslav Dvorak, Head of the Department of Public Administration and Political Sciences, Klaipėda University, Klaipėda, Lithuania
Forms of Translation and Recreation
Author: Rebecca Hagen
This book examines the retranslation of Hamlet in Germany in the 20th and the early 21st century.
It adopts a comparative approach, juxtaposing four retranslations (the versions by Hauptmann, Fried, Günther, Schanelec and Gosch) of Shakespeare’s Hamlet to Schlegel’s canonical translation of the Long Nineteenth Century. By comparing and contrasting the succeeding translations to the Schlegelian translation as well as their direct predecessors, it can be assessed to what extent retranslators have engaged with previous solutions, thereby benefitting the creation of a translating tradition. Beyond the linguistic examination of the translations, it is the author’s aim to contribute to a deeper understanding of the process of retranslation as a whole.
Latvians in the West after World War II
Author: Andrejs Plakans
The book is a group biography of the 175,000+ Latvians who fled their homeland during the final year of World War II (1944–45), lived until 1951 as refugees in Sweden and Germany, and then dispersed to other countries throughout the world.
The post-1945 history of these Latvians includes a description of their lives in ‘displaced person’ camps in post-war Germany, dispersion in the 1949–1951 years, resettlement in new host countries in Europe and overseas, strategies of adaptation to the new circumstances, organizational efforts, acculturation and assimilation, measures of cultural and linguistic preservation, renewal of contacts with the old homeland, generational change and disagreements, political mobilization, changes in personal and group identity, and, after 1991, the inclusion by the Latvian government of the descendants of this post-war population into a formally designated ‘Latvian diaspora’ (Diaspora Law, 2019).
Buriat Buddhists in Imperial Russia
The book systematically explores the history of the Buddhist community in the Russian Empire. It offers an advanced overview of the relations that existed between the Buriat Buddhists and the Russian imperial authorities.
Various institutions and actors represented Russian power: foreign and interior ministries, the Irkutsk general-governorship, the Orthodox Christian mission of East Siberia, local journalists and academic scholars. The book is focussing especially on the evolution of imperial legislation and specific administrative mechanisms aiming at the regulation of Buddhist affairs. The author demonstrates how these actors responded to conflicting situations and collisions of interests. Thus the history of relations between Russia and her Buddhist subjects is shown as a complex process with participation of a number of actors with their own interests and motivations.
Judith Butler is regarded as one of the most popular philosophers of the present. Famous for her theory of gender her wide-ranging work explored such themes as language, power, recognition, vulnerability, mourning, and grievability, revolutions, democratic movements, and resistance. This book provides an overview of Butler’s rich scholarship and utilizes selected examples to present opportunities for a theological approach to her work. Of particular interest in this regard are the clear parallels between Butler’s thought and progressive theologies, such as Liberation Theology or the New Political Theology founded by Johann Baptist Metz. With attention to Butlers Jewish background, this unique interdisciplinary investigation bridges Butler’s thought, political philosophy, and Christian theology. Judith Butler and Theology considers how the reflections and insights of this critical intellectual can help set a constructive theology for the challenges of our century.
Topografie eines Diskurses
1918, am Ende des Ersten Weltkriegs, fanden die Deutschen nicht in den Frieden zurück. Die »Schmach von Versailles« trug wesentlich zum Aufstieg Hitlers und zum Ausbruch des Zweiten Weltkriegs 1939 bei. Welche Rolle spielte die Religion, als der Krieg in den Köpfen und in der Öffentlichkeit weitertobte? Das Buch beantwortet diese Frage am Beispiel Münchens: Hochburg des Katholizismus, mit starken evangelischen und jüdischen Minderheiten, und gleichzeitig »Hauptstadt der NS-Bewegung«. Kinder lernten den Krieg schon in der ersten Klasse. Totengedenkfeiern griffen die ehemaligen Kriegsgegner erneut an. Denkmäler und Friedhöfe heroisierten den toten Kämpfer und schrieben sein Vermächtnis. Wahlplakate und Karikaturen schürten die Aggression. Der Pazifismus hatte einen schweren Stand gegen Patriotismus und politische Justiz. Die Presse spiegelte und schürte ‚Volkes Stimme‘.
A Commentary on De ciuitate Dei 10
This theological and philological commentary provides a detailed description of Augustine’s argument and reveals the areas where Augustine misrepresents or oversimplifies Porphyry’s thought in the Deregressu animae and other works.
This work establishes a new foundation for any future work on Porphyry’s Deregressu animae. Via comparison with Porphyry’s extant Greek works and fragments, the commentary sheds light on seven key topics in Augustine’s presentation:
1) the ‘spiritual soul,’
2) the nature of theurgy,
3) the report that Porphyry attributes passsiones to the gods,
4) the coherence of the De regressu animae with Porphyry’s other works, in particular his De philosophia ex oraculis and Epistula ad Anebontem,
5) the report on the purifying principia,
6) Porphyry’s views on reincarnation, and
7) the universal way of salvation.