Citius, Altius, Fortius – Imperatives of Statistics to Increase Achievements
According to the olympic slogan of citius, altius, fortius (faster, higher, stronger) imperatives are formulated to enhance sportive performances towards perfection which are also found in achievement statistics meant to increase accomplishments of learning subjects and pedagogical institutions. The paper unravels some of these imperatives and argues that they strongly changed the way of conceptualizing public schooling, education and Bildung and moreover turn a common activity into a lonesome process.
The History of Pedagogy as Irritation
The past exerts a normative compulsion on the present that can never be completely resolved with arguments. Every systematic justification is subject to historical conditions, just as these conditions can only be recognized under systematic postulates. Action is the implementation of validity under historical conditions in the unity of principle and case.
(Im)perfekte Körper 2.0 – Körperverständnisse in Körperpraktiken der Gegenwart
In Körperpraktiken werden gesellschaftliche Körperverständnisse und -diskurse sichtbar. Es wird angenommen, dass Körperverständnisse im Zuge der gesellschaftlichen Transformation einem Wandel unterworfen sind. Der Beitrag geht der Frage nach, welche Körperverständnisse und Diskurse in zeitgenössischen, jugendlichen Körperpraktiken propagiert werden und ob ein Wandel im Körperverständnis bevorsteht.
Critique of Class Formation. On Division, Inequality, and Class Theories
We live in an age of multiple crises: Financial crisis, climate crisis, corona crisis, oil and gas price crisis, supply chain crisis, logistics crisis or inflation crisis. As heterogeneous and multifactorial as the causes of these forms of crisis may be, they all have at least one common effect: they reinforce social inequalities, since they never hit and affect everyone in the same way. Using the Covid 19 pandemic as an example, it became obvious that the inequalities begin with the possibilities of isolation, continue globally via vaccine distribution and finally result in significantly higher death rates, which are distributed along the gap between rich and poor. Against this background, the lecture takes the popular talk of a ›division of society‹ as an opportunity to redefine the concept of class. To this end, various developments and tendencies in inequality research will be discussed and finally theses on political class formation will be presented.
Optimized Parenting in Families? Advice Media and their Use by Parents
Advice media are omnipresent and offer parents a variety of practical suggestions on a wide range of educational issues, both on the book and magazine market and on the Internet. Advice media can be considered optimization media par excellence. This article uses an exploratory qualitative interview study to identify the reasons why parents use advice media and to show the modes of optimization that may play a role in this process.
Human Optimization versus ›Courage to be Imperfect‹
Following a contextualisation of the concept of optimization, the focus is on the development of a critical position inspired by Günther Anders’ studies on the antiquated nature of human beings and early Individual Psychology, from whose environment the plea for the ›courage to be imperfect‹ originates. From the mutual discussion of both positions, proposals are developed for linking to this plea, which also critically illuminate humanist-based efforts to revitalise repressed ideals of perfection.
Profile Neurosis. On a Signature of Subjectivity in Digital Culture
In three steps, the article explores the link between the ubiquitous need and supply of profiles on the one hand and the idea of optimization on the other hand. In a first step, a historical connection is drawn between the pedagogical motive of human improvement and the idea of optimization. It will be shown, secondly, that within this idea of optimization the ›entrepreneurial self‹ has become a ›project‹ itself. This ›project-self‹ is determined, thirdly, to develop a profile throughout life, which also becomes a dispositive not least set by digital technologies.