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Аннотация

В данной статье рассматривается сатирическая графика эпохи русской революции 1905 г. Центральным объектом исследования является художественное наследие Сергея Чехонина, мастеров объединения «Мир искусства» и молодых художников—учащихся Императорской Академии художеств. Особое внимание уделяется использованию в их графических работах, выходивших в сатирических изданиях леволиберального толка, оккультной образности и художественных приемов символизма и декаданса. Социально-политическая ситуация в России в 1905–1906 годах служит необходимым историческим контекстом для осмысления и интерпретации часто скрытого, и поэтому не сразу очевидного, протестного содержания их работ.

In: Experiment
In: Experiment
In: Experiment

Аннотация

Статья рассматривает особенности трактовки образа Арлекина в творчестве и судьбе ведущих представителей Серебряного века на примере драматургии выставки графических работ К. Сомова, Н. Сапунова, С. Судейкина из собрания ГТГ.

In: Experiment
In: The Soviet and Post-Soviet Review

Abstract

The outbreak of the Great Patriotic War led to an unprecedented evacuation of the Soviet population to the East as well as a significant growth of social conflicts. Consequently, open manifestations of anti-Semitism increased greatly, which were often connected with defeatism and anti-Soviet moods. This article analyzes the reasons for this phenomenon and is based on the materials of judicial investigative cases of the Chelyabinsk Regional Court. This article focuses on the state struggle against anti-Semitism, which was considered by the judicial authorities as quasi-anti-Soviet activity and aid to the enemy. This perception was determined by the catastrophic situation of the Red Army, Nazi propaganda against “Judeo-Bolshevism,” and the beginning of the Holocaust in the occupied territories. In these conditions of socio-political instability, mass anti-Semitism required severe punishments. This article’s conclusions allow a revision of the policy of the Soviet state toward the “Jewish issue” during the Second World War.

In: The Soviet and Post-Soviet Review

Abstract

This article deals with the fate of Soviet Jewry during the period between Stalin’s death and the outbreak of the Sinai War (1956). It focuses on the attitudes of Israeli government circles, and their actions oriented towards opening Soviet immigration to Israel (Aliyah) gates. The goal of Aliyah stood high on the agenda of Israeli decision makers. Nevertheless, until the end of 1955, its treatment was quite limited. We describe the chain of events that transformed this situation. The article is based largely on documents from Israeli and Soviet archives, including many that have not yet been published. We also use Nativ organization documents, which are shown here for the first time.

In: The Soviet and Post-Soviet Review