The Relevance of ›Geisteswissenschaftliche Pädagogik‹
The article deals with two central topics of ›Geisteswissenschaftliche Pädagogik‹ – educational relationship and relative educational autonomy – from the perspective of the current relevance of this scientific paradigm. On the one hand, a look at the history of reception is taken and on the other hand the statements are rounded off by the author’s own positioning.
Articulations of Inclusive Education. An Exploration with Stuart Hall
This article deals – on a theoretical basis – with inclusive education which has become a buzz word in the educational discourse. Inclusive education connects with and is (re-)articulated in diverse discourses of educational science. Taking into account the power-sensitive concept of articulation by Stuart Hall, this paper presents diverse social formations which have developed as discursive patterns in inclusive education. These patterns hint at an ambivalent constitution of the inclusive education discourse between structural criticism and functional integration. As a result, implications regarding a critical reflection on approaches in the empirical inclusive education research are formulated.
Rise and Fall of ›Geisteswissenschaftliche Pädagogik‹
Following Wilhelm Dilthey’s differentiation between humanities and natural sciences his students developed a philosophical approach to educational questions and established pedagogy as a self-standing science in German universities after WW1. Many of them cooperated with the National Socialists and did not reflect the inhumanity of political totalitarism in spite of their classical understanding of ›Bildung‹. After the empiric turn in the field of education ›Geisteswissenschaftliche Pädagogik‹ and philosophy lost their influence on educational theories in the second half of the twentieth century.
Avowal and Reflection. About the Transcendentality of Formation
We have to think ourselves as free beings. In doing so we also have to acknowledge the factuality of reason, which is the fundament of all formation. In five consecutive steps we want to show, that the never-ending process of formation is essentially accompanied by the unfolding of reason and moral. Thinking about our own thinking therefore not only becomes the key to understand ourselves as reasonable beings, but also to realise the true core of what might be called formation. In the first step we analyse the connection between transcendental philosophy and pedagogy, which is followed by a short illustration regarding the relation between thinking and learning. The third and fourth step deal with the relation of affection and duty as well as the factuality of reason. The acknowledgment of these elements marks – as we call it – the avowal and onset of formation as realising our humanity. We end our draft for a transcendental thinking in pedagogy with an idea of reflection as the implementation of formation.
Herbart and Schleiermacher are considered to be the decisive founders of educational science. The former in terms of empirical science, the latter in terms of the humanities (›Geisteswissenschaften‹). The author discusses both this differentiation as also the development of the concept of ›Geisteswissenschaftliche Pädagogik‹ in the 20th century.