The term ‘new citizen of Vilnius’ was used to define a status of a person gaining the burgher rights in Vilnius. To become a new citizen of Vilnius, a person usually had to fulfil certain requirements. Merchants and artisans were admitted to burgher rights of urban citizenship under various conditions. These conditions were closely linked to guild statutes. The largest professional groups of the new citizens of Vilnius were those of artisans, merchants and traders. The new citizens of Vilnius were mainly newcomers. The vast majority of them were arrivals from within the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.