This article addresses the activity of a particular network of Belarusians, active during the Second World War and in the postwar period. It explores their involvement in anti-Soviet activity, first through their collaboration with the Germans and later with the Americans. The setting for this activity is Belarus proper, as well as Germany, Belgium, and the United States. While the numbers of those involved is difficult to ascertain, the network spanned various countries. Ultimately, this article highlights the way in which these individuals utilized their participation in anti-Soviet activity as a means of acquiring certain benefits and how they continued to strive for the creation of an independent Belarus.
The end of the Second World war did not mean the end of violence for many regions in Eastern Europe. The establishment of Communist-led governments often met not only civil but also armed resistance. These actions were taken by partisan groups and paramilitary forces which in some cases had been formed already during the war to support axis forces. In other cases – like Poland’s Armia Krajowa – they fought Nazi and Soviet occupiers with the same fervour. The aims of the ﬁghters were the end of Communist rule and – like in the Baltic region – independence from the Soviet Union. Diﬃculties in accessing sources and research taboos as well as a focus on other aspects of the Cold War are reasons why violent resistance in Europe after the Second World War is a topic yet rather underestimated and comparably little investigated by historiography. This book gives a comprehensive ﬁrst overview of the ultimately futile attempts to end the rule of Moscow and her proxies.