In Rom 8,19–22 Paul emphasises the close connection between all of creation and the fate of Christ-believers, both now in their suffering, but also in their eventual redemption. After a brief discussion of Paul’s assertion, this contribution studies the Old Testament and early Jewish background of this close connection between the fate of human and non-human creation. Against this backdrop, the study suggests that the same connection between human salvation and the redemption of non-human creation also applies to Paul’s reference to the coming deliverer in Rom 11,26–27. Based on the Jewish background and the context of Romans, the salvation of all Israel also includes the delivery of non-human creation from its present state of suffering and will usher in the Messianic reign of peace. This eschatological promise for all of creation constitutes an essential element of Christian cosmology and demands that humans act responsibly toward a creation which has the promise of eschatological redemption.