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Abstract

This contribution draws attention to the concept of time as perceived in the New Testament view of “two ages,” or eons. It shows that different dates are not neutral but are the result of an ideology or time politics. Different forms of time structuring in the sources can thus be read as an expression of a negotiation or a struggle between different worldviews and ideologies. Attention is drawn to the historical Jesus and to the understanding of the concept of the “two ages” and worldview in the message of the historical Jesus. The notion of two ages structurally draws a sharper line between this world, time and history, and the transcendent and future realm, and it has taken a special dynamic in somewhat later Jewish texts that propose a more universal view of history and that may reflect the great catastrophes of the first and second century in the history of the Jewish people that lingered in the future in Jesus’ time.

In: Neutestamentliche Kosmologien
In der international ausgerichteten Reihe "Encounters between Judaism and Christianity" erscheinen wissenschaftliche Arbeiten zu Konstituierungs- und Differenzierungsprozessen jüdischer und christlicher Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Die Einzelbände behandeln exegetisch-hermeneutische, historische, systematische, kulturwissenschaftliche und zeitgeschichtliche Aspekte des Themenfeldes in der Verantwortung der einzelnen Fachdisziplinen und zugleich in fächerübergreifender Perspektive. Ein besonderes Augenmerk der Studien gilt den religiösen und kulturellen Kontaktpunkten und Reibungsflächen zwischen Judentum und Christentum, deren wissenschaftliche Betrachtung dem gegenseitigen Verständnis nach einer langen Geschichte kirchlicher Judenfeindschaft neue Impulse zu geben vermag.

The internationally focused series Encounters between Judaism and Christianity publishes studies on the processes of formation and differentiation of Jewish and Christian religion past and present. SJC-volumes deal with exegetical-hermeneutical, historical, systematic, cultural-historical and contemporary issues according to the standards of the individual disciplines and from a cross-disciplinary perspective. Particular attention is paid to the areas both of cultural interaction and of friction between Judaism and Christianity. After a long history of ecclesiastical hostility against Jews and after the experiences of the 20th century the scholarly examination of these topics can provide new impulses for improving mutual understanding.