INTRODUCTION REX A. WADE (Fairfax, VA, USA) GENERATIONS IN RUSSIAN AND SOVIETHISTORY "0 my son Absalom! my son, my son Absalom! would God I might die for thee, 0 Absalom my son, my son!" Second Samuel 18: 33 "Man is incapable of useful thoughts ' after the age of twenty-five years." Unnamed
Nicholas B. Breyfogle, ed., Eurasian Environments: Nature and Ecology in Imperial Russia and SovietHistory (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2018), 424 pp., $34.95 (pb), 9780822965633.
In this dive into the environmental history of Russia and the Soviet Union, in case after case
R O N A L D G R I G O R SUNY (Ann Arbor, MI, USA) 1 ON IDEOLOGY, SUBJECTIVITY, AND MODERNITY: DISPARATE THOUGHTS ABOUT DOING SOVIETHISTORY 1. This article is the product of two successive roundtables at the annual conventions of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies
SHEILA FITZPATRICK (Chicago, U.S.A.) EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION: PETITIONS AND DENUNCIATIONS IN RUSSIAN AND SOVIETHISTORY1 Historians of prerevolutionary Russia, particularly Muscovy, have long been interested in petitions2 and denunciations.3 As far as the Soviet period is concerned, however, both
B O O K R E V I E W S / C O M P T E S R E N D U S Richard Pipes. R u s s i a O b s e r v e d : C o l l e c t e d E s s a y s on R u s s i a n a n d SovietHistory. Boulder, CO: W e s t v i e w Press, 1989. 280 pp. Russian and East European studies in this country would n o t have developed
This article presents an analysis of Soviet law on the family which was valid in Lithuania from 1940, in order to ascertain how it reflected gender equality, how (or if ) it was formed, the legal measures the state harnessed in order to create family and gender relation models in various areas of life, and what kind of family and gender policy formed as a result. The law is contextualised in this paper by immersing it in the social reality of its time. This allows us to determine what norms and provisions determined the political and legal resolutions of the Soviet authorities, and to discuss their influence on society. The two most important periods in Soviet gender policy are distinguished. Initially revolutionary and radical in Lithuania, with the aim of changing society to realise its goals, after the 1950s, state policy became more reactive, and adapted to the changed, modernised society and its needs. This paper proposes to see changes to women’s situation during the Soviet period not as emancipation, but as (double) mobilisation. The reasons for the stagnation in masculinity in Soviet law and policy, for not keeping up with or adapting to the rapidly changing social reality, are also analysed. The contradictions in Soviet policy regarding the family and gender are shown, where it proved impossible to unambiguously apply ‘conservative-liberal’ or ‘traditional- liberal’ distinctions in both policy and reality.
This article is a microanalysis of Soviet Holocaust retribution in four cases studies, with focus on Lithuania. It was difficult to disentangle crimes against Jews and crimes against Soviet power in cases involving high-ranking nationalists. Soviet authorities had a strong motivation to condemn nationalist leaders and to justify their execution or deportation to the Gulag, but were not as strongly invested in the outcome of the trials involving ordinary people. Punishing collaborators in Nazi crimes consistently remained an aim in and of itself (but was not to be pursued at the expense of other state campaigns). The authorities and locals pursued justice for murdered Jews while simultaneously utilizing the Jewish wartime fate in the pursuit of broader political aims during postwar Sovietization. In the broader postwar Soviet prosecution of treason and collaboration, authorities and defendants navigated competing understandings of personal participation (lichnoe uchastie) in atrocities and the (ir)redeemability of defendants.
specialists wishing there had been more. Bruce F. Adams University o f Louisville R. W. Davies. SovietHistory in the G o r b a c h e v Revolution. Bloomingon: Indiana University Press, 1989. viii, 232 pp. $35.00 cloth; $12.95 paper. Soviet H i s t o r i a n s a n d P e r e s t r o i k a : The F i r s t P h a
examines the social-cultural practices, which were generated by more then 70 years of Soviethistory, and were refl ected in low, constitutions and other legislative acts. He illustrated how these practices infl uenced the interaction between power and society, especially in labor and everyday Soviet life