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Author: Elena Maltseva

context, a review of the relevant literature is required. Broadly speaking, issues of institutional change and policy inertia have been a central topic in social policy research for several decades. Scholars studied developments in mature capitalist societies that were facing growing demographic pressures

In: Russian Politics
Author: Stephen T. Kerr

effort. The author dis- cusses the importance for Soviet labor planners of increasing vocational school enrollments to at least 50 percent of the total of all secondary school students. It is this necessity-forced by demographic pressures and the continuing labor intensity of much Soviet

In: Canadian-American Slavic Studies

40% in the decade from 1890 to 1900 alone.6 Throughout the region, cities numbering more than 100,000 inhabitants nearly doubled from 1870 to 1910. Overall population growth of nearly 50% from 1870 to 1910 ensured enough demographic pressure to push peasants from the countryside into cit- ies and

In: East Central Europe
Author: J.F. Besemeres

growing aggravation of the employment problem (as local demographic pressure on the job market builds) and, probably, increasing resentment among the indigenous peoples. Only in northern Kazakhstan have the foundations been laid for a Karelian-type annexation. And there it may be more prudent to be

In: The Soviet and Post-Soviet Review

Belgrade was the symbolic keystone of the entire plan, the other areas of expansion seem to have been an acknowledgement of demographic pressures on the fringes of the city. There were sizable villages on the borders of the the East and South of the city, whose population was swelling with migrants from

In: East Central Europe
Author: J. Besemeres

PZPR Stenogram (Warszawa: Ksiizka i Wiedza, 1972), pp. 156-57; Polityka [hereafter P] 15 March 1975, p. 2. The policy favoring earlier retirement was adopted partly for its potential benefits in removing some of the demographic pressure from the labor market. Now that that consideration is no longer

In: East Central Europe