in countries in the region.
KEYWORDS: information wars; memory cultures; historypolicy; Lithuania; Russia;
Ukraine; Belarus; Poland.
An analysis of the problem should begin from the thesis that in-
formation wars are not a new phenomenon. They can be dated to
the first appearance of human
their present-day existence; this
approach is applied to research communication and cultural memory,
historypolicy and identity formation in the Baltic States after 1990; 3) the
three latter actions are carried out by using the existing historiography
about the Baltic States, and declaring the need
Soviet period in honour of the Jewish victims of mass killings
were inevitably affected by Soviet ideology and historypolicy. In many
cases, they adopted Soviet forms of monumentalism and semantic mean-
ings. This determined the transformation of these memory symbols in
the post-Soviet period (p
institutionell überdehnt hat; dies., Introduction. Late Stalinist So-
ciety, History, Policies and People, in: dies. (Hg.), Late Stalinist Russia. Society between
Reconstruction and Reinvention, Abingdon 2006, S. 1–13, hier S. 7.
83 Das Dekret vom Juni 1947 sah Strafen zwischen zehn und fünfundzwanzig Jahren
the beginning of the German-Soviet war is a fixed date in the historypolicy of the Federal Republic. 7 To this day, this realization has not reached the newspapers of some homeland associations, such as when it says in Heimat Landkreis Tirschenreuth that 22 June was the “beginning of the
Empire in 1920s Palestine under British Rule, in: NTM 24
(2016), S. 451-480.
Showers, Kate B.: Congo River’s Grand Inga Hydroelectricity Scheme: Linking Environ-
mental History, Policy and Impact, in: Water History 1 (2009), S. 31-58.
Showers, Kate B.: Electrifying Africa: An Environmental History with